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PARADISO Encyclopdia Universalis La publication du premier roman de Jos Lezama Lima Paradiso dont la suite Oppiano Licario ne paratra u'aprs sa mort s'intgre comme un lment majeur dans ce ue l'crivain cubain appelait son systme potiue du monde un monde rgi non pas par les lois de la causalit mais par une vision tlologiue de l'univers par Paradiso Voyages Saint Maur des Fosss Agence de voyages Paradiso Voyages Saint Maur des Fosss Agences de voyages adresse photos retrouvez les coordonnes et informations sur le professionnel Paradiso BnF Paradiso The comedy of Dante Alighieri of Florence commonly called the Divine comedy a line for line translation in the rime form of the original by Melville Best Anderson San Francisco printed by John Henry Nash In fol p Club PARADISO | Bar Tapas Ambiance Ptanue Le Club Paradiso ; Groupes ; Infos Actualit ; Rservation ; Rservez votre table ; Chez nous c'est chez vous Dcouvrez la nouvelle carte Voir la Carte Rser. Paradiso Paradise Heaven La Divina Commedia #3 Dante AlighieriParadiso is the third and final part of Dante's Divine Comedy following the Inferno and the Purgatorio It is an allegory telling of Dante's journey through Heaven guided by Beatrice who symbolizes theology In the poem Paradise is depicted as a series of concentric spheres surrounding the Earth consisting of the Moon Mercury Venus the Sun Mars Jupiter Saturn the Fixed Stars It was written in the early 14th century Allegorically the poem represents the soul's ascent to Godتاریخ نخستین خوانش سال 1968 میلادیعنوان بهشت؛ نویسنده دانته آلیگیری؛ برگردان شجاع الدین شفا؛ تهران، امیرکبیر، 1335؛ چاپ دیگر 1347؛ جلد سوم از سه جلد؛ چاپ ششم 1378؛ شابک جلد دوم 9640003999؛ چاپ بیست و یکم 1393؛ جلد نخست دوزخ؛ جلد دوم برزخ؛ جلد سوم بهشت؛ ترجمه از زبان ایتالیائی؛ موضوع شعر شاعران ایتالیائی سده 14 مسرود اول بهشت جلال ِ آن کس که گرداننده ی همه چیز است، سرتاسر جهان آفرینش را به فرمان خویش دارد ولی در اینجا آسمان بیشتر، و در جاهای دیگر کمتر متجلی است بدان آسمانی رفتم، که بیش از هر آسمان دگر از فروغ او بهره مند است، و چیزهایی را دیدم، که آن کس که از آن بالا فرود آمده باشد، نه میداند و نه میتواند باز گفت زیرا که حس ادراک ما، با نزدیکی به مایه ی اشتیاق خود، چنان مجذوب میشود، که حافظه ی ما را یارای همراهی با آن نمیماند با این همه، آنچه را که از قلمرو مقدس بهشت در گنجینه ی اندیشه، جای توانسته ام داد، اکنون مایه ی این سرود خویش میکنم، و بازش میگویم ای «آپولوی» نیک نهاد، برای این سهم آخرین، مرا آن اندازه، از نبوغ خویش عطا کن، که برای سپردن تاج افتخار محبوب خود به کسان، از آنان طلب میکنی؛ ا شربیانی

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Vez votre table ; Dcouvrez la nouvelle carte Voir la Carte Ici On tapatise on rit on danse Attention tout comportement festif sera lourdement encourag Ouvert tous les jours de h h du matin Rservez votre Paradiso club Pyla sur Mer Restaurant adresse avis Le paradiso Cabaret ui a rouvert le avril avec un nouveau propritaire offre un concept uniue ct Pyla Tapas restaurant belle carte des vins spectacles musiue lounge boulodromme C'est un endroit conviviale en intrieur ou extrieur sur une terrasse ensoleille toute la journe avec le Bassin au bout de la rue en toute simplicit avec une cuisine de ualit Hotel Paradiso Castellammare di Stabia Hotelscom Dcouvrez les offres pour l'tablissement Hotel Paradiso et notamment les tarifs intgralement remboursables avec annulation sans frais Les voyageurs d'affaires apprcient le petit djeuner gratuit Sorrento Peninsula est uelues minutes L'accs Wi Fi et le parking sont des services gratuits et cet htel propose g. I'm only reading the poems and the preceding brief clarifying outlines this first time through I find the long critical sections to be almost wholly poem killing I am not a Christian so my view is literary and anthropological All literature for me the compelling stuff delineates a lost or wholly imagined world or parallel sphere JG Ballard's off beat work comes to mind The Divine Comedy wonderfully creates just such an imagined existence It is in fact a dystopia very ancient and chilling There are stanzas that take the breath away Just two here Oh you eager to hear who have followed me in your little bark my ship that singing makes its way turn back if you would see your shores againDo not set forth upon the deepfor losing sight of me you would be lostThe old prejudices are here strong as ever Especially the killing of Jesus by the Jews Missing as usual is Jesus's Jewish birth Also the ridiculous dogma of Original Sin which was an invention of Augustine of Hippo and adopted by the early church late in the 4th century Yet the beauty of the verse allows us to glimpse something of the relevance and immediacy the poem must have had for readers of Dante's day One gets a similar effect when viewing El Greco's portraits of the saints It is the style that transfixes

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10 thoughts on “Paradiso

  1. says:

    Paradiso Paradise Heaven La Divina Commedia #3 Dante AlighieriParadiso is the third and final part of Dante's Divine Comedy following the Inferno and the Purgatorio It is an allegory telling of Dante's journey through Heaven guided by Beatrice who symbolizes theology In the poem Paradise is depicted as a series of concentric spheres surrounding the Earth consisting of the Moon Mercury Venus the Sun Mars Jupiter Saturn the Fixed Stars It was written in the early 14th century Allegorically the poem represents the soul's ascent to Godتاریخ نخستین خوانش سال 1968 میلادیعنوان بهشت؛ نویسنده دانته آلیگیری؛ برگردان شجاع الدین شفا؛ تهران، امیرکبیر، 1335؛ چاپ دیگر 1347؛ جلد سوم از سه جلد؛ چاپ ششم 1378؛ شابک جلد دوم 9640003999؛ چاپ بیست و یکم 1393؛ جلد نخست دوزخ؛ جلد دوم برزخ؛ جلد سوم بهشت؛ ترجمه از زبان ایتالیائی؛ موضوع شعر شاعران ایتالیائی سده 14 مسرود اول بهشت جلال ِ آن کس که گرداننده ی همه چیز است، سرتاسر جهان آفرینش را به فرمان خویش دارد ولی در اینجا آسمان بیشتر، و در جاهای دیگر کمتر متجلی است بدان آسمانی رفتم، که بیش از هر آسمان دگر از فروغ او بهره مند است، و چیزهایی را دیدم، که آن کس که از آن بالا فرود آمده باشد، نه میداند و نه میتواند باز گفت زیرا که حس ادراک ما، با نزدیکی به مایه ی اشتیاق خود، چنان مجذوب میشود، که حافظه ی ما را یارای همراهی با آن نمیماند با این همه، آنچه را که از قلمرو مقدس بهشت در گنجینه ی اندیشه، جای توانسته ام داد، اکنون مایه ی این سرود خویش میکنم، و بازش میگویم ای «آپولوی» نیک نهاد، برای این سهم آخرین، مرا آن اندازه، از نبوغ خویش عطا کن، که برای سپردن تاج افتخار محبوب خود به کسان، از آنان طلب میکنی؛ ا شربیانی


  2. says:

    The journey with Dante and his spiritual guides through the afterlife concludes appropriately with Paradiso Written around 1319 to just before he died in 1321 it is his ultimate vision of God and Heaven and a wild ride The pace is much faster or at least it seemed to me than Inferno and Purgatorio and he and Beatrice fly through the Heavenly Sphere yes you need a lot of suspension of disbelief and lots of Scholastic philosophy even Auinas himself is a tourguide at one point so it is almost like a science fictionspace travel book At times it reminded me of the incomprehensible end of 2001 A Space Odyssey with colors and light and memories flooding by It reuires perhaps the least use of footnotes see my lamentations in my Purgatorio review and was fun to read I felt like I was really surfing sometimes and enjoyed the conclusion with as in the other two canticles stars in the sky It gave me pause to think that as Dante was writing this the Pope was in Avignon Giotto was working on his frescoes in Padua and Copernicus had not yet talked about the sun being the center of the solar system uite a time warpTo describe this with a painting no less than Mathias Grünewald's Isenheim mantlepiece could do particularly the inner panel with Christ shown in a blinding glow of light I went to Colmar this year to finally see this piece in person and it gave me the same giddy light headed feeling as Paradiso did


  3. says:

    What little I recall is to be toldfrom this point on in words weak than those of one whose infant tongue still bathes at the breast Canto XXXIIINote When your eyes glaze over at any point while reading this review simply skip ahead to the solid line Dante wrote his 'Divine Comedy' as a didactic poem He wanted to teach his fellow citizens about what could await them after death Inferno; Purgatorio; Paradiso He also wanted to teach a lesson in Faith and Morals He wrote it in the Italian dialect of his region so that they could easily access it He included historical personages including many still living at the time so that they could recognize their neighbours and themselves And he created a stunning and beautiful work of poetic art so that they would want to read it over and over again The very poetry carries the message in its form and structure And here we are 700 years later still reading it but do we learn what he tried to teach? Do we even understand the 'Divine Comedy'? Can any modern reader immerse herself in Dante's late medieval world to catch an inkling of his message?I think not Perhaps there are a few somewhat naïve Catholic scholars locked away somewhere who can grasp it all but to really be the audience Dante intended no The social imaginaries have changed and no one can get back to Dante So why do so many somewhat educated non believing or at least living a totally different belief western thinking GR members continue to read the 'Divine Comedy'?Well some 107 000 GR members say that they have read the 'Inferno' That's Best Seller status A lot of the reviews cite that the notes were necessary for identifying all those characters who Dante was critical of and had condemned to an eternity of suffering Reviewers also cite their interest in the stories of these persons in life and even so their delight in Dante's imagined torments I suspect that few of us are frightened by these torments Nor do we feel a particular sense of satisfaction or revenge that any of these souls What's a soul? are so condemned But we have scored 'Inferno' at 398 stars Pretty good even if we didn't really get where Dante wants us to be Now almost 16 700 ratings are in for 'Purgatorio' uite a drop in readership considering the high ratings for 'Inferno' But these readers are uite happy with a rating of 401 stars Obviously those who stick with it are those who are most devoted Again the comments are focused on the characters and the suffering than on the message that Dante intended Finally there is the 'Paradiso' with some 11 800 ratings That suggests that the majority of the readers of the 'Purgatorio' persevered And then having made it all that way they assigned an average of 398 stars Now that is only03 stars fewer stars than were awarded to the 'Purgatorio' Statistically significant? I suspect so given the high numbers of raters I also suspect that there is a lot of the well known Damn it I've read all of this and I'm going to appreciate it factor at play here So the rating is likely skewed a bit on the high sideWhat is interesting here is that many of the reviews while positive do note a lack of action Perhaps the higher rating is due to the fact that Dante has made fewer references to historical personages who mean nothing or little to the reader Of course this group of readers may include those most likely to read and enjoy endnotes However it is noteworthy that few of the reviews say a great deal about the theological or philosophical discussions which abound in this volume Dante's messages are apparently not getting through even to the most devoted readers Why not? Because we lack the background The problem for most of us is that we are not born with an 'a priori' knowledge of classical literature and mythology medieval philosophy and theology and Dante's personal genius Now I'm going to reveal myself as the pedantic intellectual snob that I've always striven to be I'm going to to tell you that I spent months reading up on medieval philosophy and theology and then read up on Dante I should note that others have outdone me and have demonstrated a much greater depth of knowledge and insight Actually I suspect that their knowledge is 'a priori' perhaps divinely ordainedAll of the above to say that I studied my way through the 'Paradiso' rather than reading it I made as many connections with classical and medieval thought as I could and reconnected with those sources which is why I spent months on this volume And it was fun I will note however that I understood a great deal than I would have done otherwise but the majority still evaded me Also I did not convert to Catholicism nor to Christianity Not even to some vague spiritual belief like uhh I don't really believe in any religion ya know but like I think there's something out there like a god or something Nope No epiphany I'm still the same Except I was blown away by Dante's genius Wow That guy had an enormous amount of information at his disposal No internet His own intellect had all of this within his grasp We really should honour Dante So what did I get out of reading the Paradiso? Finally If you've read this far you'll probably be disappointed I learned a great deal about Dante's worldview If you're into German thought that's Weltanschauung I learned about his chain of reasoning which took him from the eyes and smile of Beatrice to love to light to the Sun to all of creation through to truth to the suffering and resurrection of Christ and then to the perfection of God In Dante's world not only is all of this united but finally it is all one eternal and infinite His development of this path is one of both logic and scripture He uses his knowledge of medieval theology and his poetry to bring his reader to this perfect knowledge to a moral and intellectual Wisdom The only wisdom possible To support this development Dante has himself in Heaven addressed by a veritable army of saints theologians and philosophers He also calls forth Kings and Biblical persons as well as characters from Roman and Greek mythologies It is all of the above who develop the imagery and the arguments necessary to lead his readers to Christ and to Wisdom Dante presents himself as little than a scribe chosen by Christ to bring the message to humanity As such of course he can be seen as a prophet But Dante who was aware of his tendency to the sin of pride and has been berated for it by Beatrice at their first encounter often reminds his reader of his humble role That a man of such genius has assumed this role seems somewhat unbelievable But that may be part of his genius My advice to anyone wishing to read and enjoy the 'Divine Comedy' is to immerse yourself in Dante's world as much as you may have patience for As well there is so much that I have not touched upon


  4. says:

    I'm only reading the poems and the preceding brief clarifying outlines this first time through I find the long critical sections to be almost wholly poem killing I am not a Christian so my view is literary and anthropological All literature for me the compelling stuff delineates a lost or wholly imagined world or parallel sphere JG Ballard's off beat work comes to mind The Divine Comedy wonderfully creates just such an imagined existence It is in fact a dystopia very ancient and chilling There are stanzas that take the breath away Just two here Oh you eager to hear who have followed me in your little bark my ship that singing makes its way turn back if you would see your shores againDo not set forth upon the deepfor losing sight of me you would be lostThe old prejudices are here strong as ever Especially the killing of Jesus by the Jews Missing as usual is Jesus's Jewish birth Also the ridiculous dogma of Original Sin which was an invention of Augustine of Hippo and adopted by the early church late in the 4th century Yet the beauty of the verse allows us to glimpse something of the relevance and immediacy the poem must have had for readers of Dante's day One gets a similar effect when viewing El Greco's portraits of the saints It is the style that transfixes


  5. says:

    The Paradiso is the third and final part of The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri As the name implies this part contains Dante's version of Paradise Dante's Paradise is influenced by medieval views on Cosmology Accordingly it has nine concentric spheres that surround the earth Above the spheres is the Empyrean which is where God resides In Paradiso Dante journeys through Paradise Here his guide is Beatrice Virgil is no longer there and I missed dear old Virgil who guided Dante through the Inferno and Purgatorio Unlike in the Inferno and Purgatorio where classical and literary influences could be seen Paradiso is based on Christian theology astronomy and classical philosophy It is said that allegorically Beatrice represents theology So it is all but natural that Beatrice is his guide here and that Virgil has no role to play The beautiful metaphors the detailed descriptions and lyrical beauty of the verses that I loved in both the Inferno and Purgatorio are found here as well I enjoyed reading them However when compared with the other two Paradiso was a heavy read for me At times especially in the middle I found the read a little exhausting But towards the last third cantos the contents were lighter and I was able to get into a comfortable pace of reading Now that I have read all three parts I can safely conclude that my favourite out of them all is the Inferno I find Inferno to be creative and imaginative than the other two Nevertheless I enjoyed them all With this read I have completed my read of the Divine Comedy I cannot say that I understood the entirety of it but for me poetry is to feel than to understandThe second reading made me better understand and appreciate Paradiso Because of that I enjoyed it this time Again and again I marvel at the wisdom and creative power of Dante to create such a magnificent masterpiece


  6. says:

    As much as you have to admire Dante for his knowledge spanning over so many fields philosophy cosmology history theology mythology poets politics whatever is the word for the science of torture Dante should be called father of that science about local crimes etc one can see why Borges considered it the best thing ever written; still I didn't particularly like Paradiso It is mostly saintly souls in large groups moving in different shapes And despite all those souls telling us everything about right and wrong; the only thing that I liked are the parts where Dante and Beatrice are flirting with each other Open thine eyes and look at what I amThough hast behold such things that strong enoughHas thou become to tolerate my smile or Were I to smile then you would belike Semele when she was turned to ashesbecause as you have seen my lovelinesswhich even as we climb the steps of thiseternal palace blazes with brightnesswere it not tempered here would be so brilliantthat as it flashed your mortal facultywould seem a branch a lightning bolt has cracked I mean get a room right? But that is another thing missing from Paradise No rooms Souls just move around in closed shapes all the time singing prayers Sounds boring To be fair there are some religious celebrities especially towards the end which might interest the faithful But still isn't paradise supposed to be reallyreally attractive? I can't imagine anyone being sold on this idea of Paradise I for one can't imagine myself climbing the stupid purgarito mountain for thatNot that I know of too attractive an idea of paradise Even Hindu idea of paradise with all its riches never tempted me It is this monotony which must accompany eternity everything becomes boring in long run Whats the point of having your favorite food if you have been having it for last thousand years? I could rather prefer their alternative of cycle of rebirth and death over it which Hindu saints are trying to free themselves from The cycle of rebirth and death means as I see it the opportunity of doing things repeatedly without burden of the memory of having done it before Think of all the first loves first kisses first sight of your children you can have in that scenarioAnother defect of heavenly life is we will probably lose our personality our individuality too along with our pleasure as was the case in Borges' short story 'Immortal' There is thus no Paradise that is not boring and that doesn't make us dull The only incentive a paradise has is a negative one it is not hell so one need not suffer except from boredom And so the best thing that can happen would be if we were reborn again or didn't have a soul at all A soul doomed to live eternally must choose between suffering of hell and monotony of paradise I know pretty philosophical is my it? I should be a theologianI think for us goodreaders choice can't be clear There is only one suffering we can't bear boredom I mean we chose he books that might make us make us cry suffer along with its protagonists over sitting idly And if we know a book that has made someone cry we give preference to that book Not that there is anything wrong with that If you shall Google 'soul destroying' it shall offer 'monotony' as its meaning We focus our activities on saving our souls and we must continue to avoid monotony read paradise even after death No the money I received from Satan for making a sale pitch for his resort has nothing to do with this Let us face it hell has all the interesting people I mean where do you think all the Lawerences Nabokovs Calvinos are? So feel free to commit all the sins you want In the end that is what will save you soul On the other hand the Islamic Paradise with its proposal of four virgins temptingAnd of course to uote Nemesis stars


  7. says:

    For the Celebrity Death Match Review Tournament The Complete Tales and Poems of Winnie the Pooh versus The Divine ComedyMy propositions are elucidatory in this way he who understands me finally recognizes them as senseless when he has climbed out through them on them over them He must so to speak throw away the ladder after he has climbed up on it He must surmount these propositions; then he sees the world rightly Ludwig WittgensteinOne by one all the other animals had left the Great Expotition Rabbit had been first in the Sphere of Mercury; then Kanga and Roo in the Sphere of Venus Tigger had joined the Holy Warriors in the Sphere of Mars and Owl and Eeyore the Wise in the Sphere of the Sun Christopher Robin had not been able to tear himself away from the Fixed Stars They're too beautiful he'd muttered apologetically as they said goodbye You'll have to tell me what you find higher up And now Pooh and Piglet followed Beatrice into the final SphereThe rest of this review is in my book What Pooh Might Have Said to Dante and Other Futile Speculations


  8. says:

    “Infinite order rules in this domainMere accidence can no enter inthan hunger can or thirst or grief or pain” “Now comes this man who from the final pitof the universe up to this height has seenone by one the three lives of the spirit” I have been reviewing each canto separately but that is not how the poem was constructed Dante planned his timeless masterpiece to the last detail leaving nothing to chance or improvization His supreme deity is one of order and meaning and only our limited intelligence stops us from understanding His master plan My limited intelligence also made me struggle with the last Canto much than with the previous two The Florentine poet urges me to put aside everything I gained through the powers of reasoning and observation of the natural world and rely on Faith for the last leg of the journey to look inward and examine what I believe in and how strong is my conviction More than in the other two cantos combined I relied on the the translator’s synopsis and endnotes to explain the subtleties of the text says Ciardi Dante warns back the shallow reader only those who have eaten of the knowledge of God may hope to follow him into the last reaches of his infinite voyage for it will reveal such wonders as only faith can grasp The three lives of the spirit Inferno shows us the punishment of those who only live for themselves and for material gains Purgatory shows us there is a path to salvation of our souls a tortuous and exhausting climb up from the gutter Now Paradise is the proof that Man’s spirit was made to soar up into the immaculate sphere of pure thought and unreserved Love Ciardi my erudite and patient guide through the intricate swirls of Dante’s argument remarks on how the poet achieves his goals – analogies and metaphors that are started in the first Canto and are followed up and developed throughout the journey Dante climaxes the master metaphor in which purification is euated to weightlessness Having purged all dross from his soul he mounts effortlessly without even being aware of it at first A second master metaphor I have identified is the use of light from the darkness of Inferno to the night and day alternance in Purgatorio and now to painting with light on a white canvas The spiris Dante meets in the celestial spheres are differentiated only by the intensity of their shining shapes an ever increasing value that leads to the need for Dante to have his eyesight upgraded than once in order to observe his surroundings without being burned to a crisp he sees spirits dancing even in the middle of the SunTo finish with the poem wide projects I should also make a note of the soundtrack From the groans wails and screams of the condemned souls in Inferno or the individual songs of praise in the Purgatory we have graduated now to hearing the celestial chorus the synchronized dance and music of the stars as free of the weight of routine concerns as the body of the poet is free of gravity “O heavenly love in smiling glory wreathedhow ardently you sounded from those flutesthrough which none but the holiest impulse breathed” Paradise starts at the top of the Purgatory mountain when Dante leaves behind his ancient philosopher companion literally and spiritually and is handed down into the hands of Beatrice the incarnation of Divine Love The distances the poet travel increase exponentially as he visits the celestial spheres nested one inside the other like Matrioshka dolls but thanks to his above mentioned weightlessness after the shedding of all sinful and impure thoughts he covers the space in a blink of an eye Yet for all the declared goal of writing about a spiritul voyage I couldn’t help but notice that Dante cannot help himself from showing off his interest in astronomical observations zodiac symbols and mythical recollections even as he visits the spheres of Air Moon Mercury Sun Venus Jupiter up to the final destination The Empirean As he cannot renounce not even when facing the highest authorities in Heaven his right to criticize the religious excesses and the political betrayals that have sent him in exile As a side note beside Ciardi I am extremely grateful to the Divine Commedy reading group here who provided excellent illustrations and commentary to each canto The most intriguing and in my opinion appropriate observation was linking the journey of Dante to contemporary Arab texts describing the spiritual journey of Mohammed on the back of a winged donkey The implications are many and I am in danger of getting derailed but I really liked to notice how the two major religions are not so different as modern haters want me to think and how in early Renaissance the oriental wisdom played as major a part as the Greek and Roman philosophical heritageParadisio though is focused on the Christian saints and myths and I am less familiar with their names and their histories than with the people Dante met in Hell or Purgatorio Yet I recognized the major influences Auina Bede Boethius St Bernard St Benedict St Augustine The higher Dante ascends the closer he gets to the apostles the Virgin and the Saviour The ultimate revelation which amusingly for me comes only after Dante is uestioned about his faith like a schoolboy reciting his catechism is about the nature of the Trinity that is One Despite being often confused by the sophistic arguments I cannot help but be in awe at the conviction and passion Dante puts into this final affirmation of his creed ‘There was not nor will be from the first dayto the last night an act so gloriousand so magnificent on either wayFor God in giving Himself that man might beable to raise himself gave even than if he had forgiven him in mercy’ God has given us a choice in our salvation Dante sees worth in devotion that is freely given instead of a general amnesty that forgives everybody or lip service that comes out of fear of punishment or desire for rewards Punishment and rewards are still a major part of the poet’s project but for me the most important uestion remains this one regarding free will I was curious about how Dante would reconciliate the opposing concepts of freedom of thought with the total obedience to the tenets of the church I found the solution weak especially after Virgil exclaims at the end of Purgatory “Lord of yourself I crown and mitre you” For a second I thought Dante will be consistent in his support for the idea “Of all creation’s bounty realizedGod’s greatest gift the gift in which mankindis most like Him the gift by Him most prizedis the freedom he bestowed upon the will” But immediately after this exclamation comes Beatrice and tries to demonstrate that Man should use his freedom to give the gift back to God and act only in accordance with what the scriptures reuire of him A second and third disappointment comes later when Dante’s inuisitive Renascentist mind can’t help but ask to understand the nature of Divine justice for example why are countless innocent people killed in natural catastrophes? Again Ciardi expresses the theme better than me Dante is afire to understand the nature of Divine justice and begs the Eagle to explain it but he is told that the infinity of God’s excellence must forever exceed his creation and that none may fathom His will whereby it is presumptuous of any creature to uestion the Divine Justice Man must be content with the guidance of the Scripture and with the sure knowledge that God is perfect good and just Not even these enormously elevated souls can know the full answer Likewise in the sphere of Saturn The mystery of predestination is beyond the reach of all but God and man should not presume to grasp it Can you spell copout? This goes against all I admired in the first two cantos and all I loved about the Renaissance men – they liberated our spirit from the shackles of dogma I need to think about how Dante arrived at his conclusion but for the moment colour me underwhelmedI got a couple of uotes that reiterate the position of Dante as a political militant railing against the corruption of his home city and against the sins of the Pope and of his antourage I’ve discussed the subject in my previous two reviews so I will not spend time on it “Florence brings forth and spreads the accursed flower of goldthat changes the shepherd into a ravening wolfby whom the sheep are scattered from the fold” and “For all the goods of the Church tithes and donationsare for the poor of God not to make fatthe families of monks – and worse relations” and once “The bride of Christ was not suckled of oldon blood of mine of Linus and of Cletusto be reared as an instrument for grabbing gold” I don’t want to say goodbye to the Divine Comedy on this negative note I kept one last stanza to express my awe and gratitude for the fantastic journey that keeps giving us food for thought and moral support after so many centuries a masterpiece that sees scholars dedicate their whole lives to the study and interpretation of the poet’s verses that has dramatically influenced the vision of countless authors who borrowed and used the fruit of his imagination a ray of hope and of joy about the future of mankind “Contemplating His Son with that Third Essenceof Love breated forth forever by Them boththe omnipotent and ineffaable First Presencecreated all that moves in mind and spacewith such perfection that to look upon itis to be seized by love of the Maker’s grace” For and outstanding collection of illustrations to the cantos please visit the Divine Comedy reading group Thanks again for pushing me to read the books and for providing a one stop cornuccopia of knowledge and enthusiasm


  9. says:

    Paradise Too bright and too noisy Not my choice for a good retirement spotI have decided to settle for the Earthly Paradise atop Purgatory with its meadows light music and pleasant breeze Seems like the best long term investment at the end of this cosmic tour


  10. says:

    Some concluding statements I began reading Paradiso believing it was the weakest of the three canticas of Inferno Pugatorio and Paradiso Such a notion was implanted from what I can only say are biased academics Paradiso does not have the fanciful torments of Inferno It does not have the bodily tensions of Purgatorio But Paradiso is special Perhaps it is the most theological of the three canticas—and that is why I think that academic biased developed But the theology is dramatized in imagery proposed in beautiful similes and metaphors all leading to that vision of God as the Trinity Paradiso is the most beautiful of the three canticas The sublimity of the imagery is unsurpassed One can be horrified at the imagery of Inferno and feel empathy at the imagery of Purgatorio But one longs to embrace the imagery of Pardiso Indeed one longs to participate in the imagery of Paradiso In the very first canto of Paradiso Beatrice in response to a uestion as to why all things move upward provides an answer which I think is the central thesis of not just Paradiso but of the entire Devine Comedy'All things created have an orderin themselves and this begets the formthat lets the universe resemble God'Here the higher creatures see the imprintof the eternal Worth the endfor which that pattern was itself set forth'In that order all natures have their bentaccording to their different destinieswhether nearer to their source or farther from it'They move therefore toward different harborsupon the vastness of the sea of beingeach imbued with instinct that impels it on its course ParI103 114That the universe has an order that things created have an order all of which resembles God who has created all forms out of reason and love is at the heart of this epic The entire Commedia is shaped to reflect God’s order The order in Inferno as it winds its way down to the bottom pit of hell reflects God’s ordering of justice The penitential climb up the mountain in Purgatorio reflects the order to retrain the soul to what you were made to be The order of Paradiso with its impelling motion toward the city of God reflects order of God’s love as He draws us into His bosom as a parent draws their child No other epic has such a complete vision of humanity in its relationship to his universe and indeed to his creatorWhich is the greater of the three canticas? You can’t think of it that way Each fulfills the other two They complement each other as a trinity for a unified vision So which of the three canticas do I prefer? Whichever I have read last which at the moment is Paradiso