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The Systems View of Life

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Ecological and economic crises are also discussed Written primarily for undergraduates it is also essential reading for graduate students and researchers interested in understanding the new systemic conception of life and its implications for a broad range of professions from economics and politics to medicine psychology and law. Best place to dive into the shallow end of autopoesis and Varela's work on biosemiotics

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Over the past thirty years a new systemic conception of life has emerged at the forefront of science New emphasis has been given to complexity networks and patterns of organisation leading to a novel kind of 'systemic' thinking This volume integrates the ideas models and theories underlying the systems view of life into a single. suffice to say that this book is a total outlier in terms of number of tags I used; most of my books have 2 5 tags this one has got 14 anthropology biology business cooperation design education innovation networks philosophy read science spiritual technology work Mermen (The Mermen Trilogy, of life has emerged at the forefront Jet-Setting Escort, Book 1 of science New emphasis has been given to complexity networks and patterns Bound of Schlossöffnung - So öffnen Sie jede Tür organisation leading to a novel kind Metallurgie extractive du cobalt of 'systemic' thinking This volume integrates the ideas models and theories underlying the systems view Iyami Osoronga of life into a single. suffice to say that this book is a total Quebec Autoroute 15 outlier in terms Crystalline Illumination of number Endgame (Voluntary Eradicators, of tags I used; most Juliette visite paris - Dès 3 ans of my books have 2 5 tags this The Himitsu Attack (War of the Ninja Master, one has got 14 anthropology biology business cooperation design education innovation networks philosophy read science spiritual technology work

Fritjof Capra Ñ 8 Read & Download

Coherent framework Taking a broad sweep through history and across scientific disciplines the authors examine the appearance of key concepts such as autopoiesis dissipative structures social networks and a systemic understanding of evolution The implications of the systems view of life for health care management and our global. The Systems View of Life A Unifying Vision by Fritjof Capra and Pier Luigi Luisi is an interdisciplinary book which presents ”a unified systemic vision that includes and integrates life’s” different dimensions pxii All living systems are ”highly nonlinear” networks where there are ”countless interconnections” pxii Here is a summary of the book together with some conclusionsIntroduction pp1 16The systems view of life is ”a change from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network” p4 Greek philosophy in the sixth century BC ”understood the order of the cosmos to be that of a living organism” p5 The shift from an organic to a mechanistic worldview ”was initiated by René Descartes 1596 1650” who is ”regarded as the founder of modern philosophy” p8A living system is an integrated whole whose properties cannot be reduced to its parts p10 These properties arise from the interactions and relationships between the parts p10 Outlines of a coherent theory of living systems are now emerging p12 This is the subject of the bookWe need to uestion the old paradigm p12 The paradigm shift also involves changes of values p13 There is a striking connection between changes of thinking and of values p13 The connection between an ecological perception of the world and corresponding behavior is not a logical but a psychological connection p14 Logic does not lead us from the fact that we are an integral part of the web of life to certain norms of how we should live p14 However if we have a deep ecological experience of being part of the web of life then we will be inclined to care for all living nature p15 The paradigm shift at its deepest level involves a perceptual shift p15The mechanistic worldview pp17 60As the organic view of nature was replaced by the metaphor of the world as a machine the goal of science became to dominate and control nature p21 All scientific theories are reductionist in the sense that they need to reduce the phenomena described to a number of characteristics p24 Scientists in treating living organisms as machines tended to believe that they are nothing but machines p26 The adverse conseuences of this have become especially apparent in medicine p26 Economists also generally fail to recognize that the economy is merely one aspect of the whole ecological and social fabric p56 Unlimited growth on a finite planet can only lead to disaster p56As the metaphor of organizations as machines has taking hold it has generated mechanistic theories of management with clearly defined lines of command and communication p58 During the Industrial Revolution efficient operation of the new machines reuired major changes in the organization of the workforce p58 The workforce was disciplined to accept the rigorous routines reuired by factory production p58Interestingly Max Weber 1864 1920 was very critical of the development of mechanistic forms of organization p58 Weber observed the parallels between the machination of industry and bureaucratic forms of organization p58 He was concerned about the mechanization of human life the erosion of human spirit and the undermining of democracy p58 Weber's contemporary Frederick Taylor 1856 1915 perfected the engineering approach to management p58 The organization's structure and goals are designed by management and are imposed on the organization with top down control p59 The design of formal structures linked by clear lines of communication coordination and control has become almost second nature p59Transcending the mechanistic conceptions of health the economy or biotechnology and the mechanistic view of organizations is critical for the survival of or human civilization p59The rise of systems thinking pp61 126Throughout the living world we find living systems nesting within other living systems p65 Living systems act both as parts and wholes p65 There is both an integrative and a self assertive tendency p65 The essential properties of living systems are properties of the whole p65 The great chock of twentieth century science has been that living systems cannot be understood by analysis p66There are three kinds of living systems organisms parts of organisms and communities of organisms p67 Living systems at all levels are networks and consists of networks within networks p68 Whenever we look at life we look at networks p95 Nature shows us a complex web of relationships between parts of a unified whole p68 There is stability but this stability is one of dynamic balance p75 All living systems are open systems which need a continual flux of matter and energy p86Norbert Wiener 1894 1964 introduced the term cybernetics from the Greek kybernetes steersman in the 1940s Wiener defined cybernetics as the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine p87 All major achievements of cybernetics originated in mechanistic models of living systems p89 Interestingly Norbert Wiener made a clear distinction between a mechanistic model and the non mechanistic living system it represents p93 Ross Ashby 1903 1972 who was the leading theorist of the cybernetics movement in the 1950s and 1960s had on the other hand a strictly mechanistic outlook p93 For Ashby there was no creativity no development no evolution p97Even the simplest living system is a highly complex network p98 Nonlinear dynamics represents a ualitative rather than a uantitative approach to complexity and systems thinking p99 The systems view is a shift of perspective from objects to relationships from measuring to mapping from uantity to uality p99 Nonlinear phenomena are an essential aspect of the network patterns of living systems p105 Nonlinearity has brought about a shift of emphasis from uantitative to ualitative analysis p105The spontaneous emergence of order at critical points of instability is one of the hallmarks of life p116 The understanding of patterns is crucial to understand the living world p126A new conception of life pp 127 339Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela coined the term autopoiesis which means self making in the 1970s p129 The main characteristic of life is self maintenance p129 A living organism does not need any information from the outside to be what it is but it is dependent on outside materials in order to survive p134 Life can be seen as a system of interlocked autopoietic systems p135 Autopoiesis is the particular self organization of life p135There is a clear difference between the ways living and nonliving systems interact with their environments p136 If you kick a stone it will react p136 If you kick a dog it will respond p136 The interaction with the environment is determined by the internal organization of the living organism p141 A living organism is capable of cognition the process of knowing p142 The living organism and the environment become one through cognitive interactions p143 A particular combination of self organization and emergence gives rise to self reproduction p145Dynamic systems generally operate far from euilibrium and yet are stable self organizing structures p158 In static systems self organization and the resulting emergent properties are relatively simple concepts p180 In dynamic systems however self organization and emergence are subtle and complex p180 New structures and forms of organization may arise in situations of instability chaos or crisis p180The appropriate way of approaching nature is not through domination and control but through respect cooperation and dialogue p180 In the living world history plays an important role and the future is uncertain p180 Life cannot be explained in reductionistic terms p181 All living forms are linked together to each other by a network of parenthood p182 Cooperation is clearly visible at many levels of living organisms p202 The planetary network of bacteria for example has been the main source of evolutionary creativity p192 Another example is symbiosis the tendency of different organisms to live in close association with one another p202In living organisms there is no easy way to separate instructions from the way they are carried out to distinguish plan from execution p206 The principle of structural determinism implies that only those changes can be accepted that are consistent with the existing inner structure and organization of the living organism p214 The change must also be consistent with the organism's self maintenance p214 Evolution is complex highly ordered and ultimately cognitive p215 It is an integral part of life's self organization p215One important implication of the new systemic understanding of life is a new understanding of the nature of mind and consciousness p252 The phenomenon of mind is connected with the phenomenon of life p253 In other words cognition is the very process of life p254 The organizing activity of living systems at all levels of life is mental activity p254 Mind or accurately mental activity is immanent in matter at all levels of life p254Every living organism continually renews itself while maintaining its overall identity or pattern of organization p255 Living organisms create new structures new connections in the network p255 Living systems are autonomous p255 Living organisms respond to environmental changes and these changes alter future responses This modification of behavior on the basis of previous experience is learning p255 Continuing adaptation learning and development are key characteristics of all living beings p255 We can never direct a living system; we can only disturb it p256 A living system has the autonomy to decide what to notice and what will disturb it p256Describing cognition as the breath of life seems to be a perfect metaphor p256 Mind is the process of cognition which is identified with the process of life p257 At all levels of life mind and matter process and structure are inseparably connected p257 Consciousness emerges when cognition reaches a certain level of complexity p257 Consciousness is a cognitive process p260 which involves self awareness p258 Conscious experience is an expression of life emerging from complex neural activity p265 Mind and body are two complementary aspects of life p273 Primary or core consciousness provides the organism with a transient sense of self the core self in the act of perception p274 while reflective consciousness is the process of cognition we experience as thought p274The pattern of organization of any system is the configuration of relationships among the system's components p301 This configuration of relationships gives the system its essential characteristics p301 The structure of a system is its physical embodiment of its pattern of organization p302 The process of life is the continual embodiment of the system's pattern of organization p302 These are three perspectives on life organization structure and process p302 This is the trilogy of life p303The trilogy of life can in general terms be expressed as form or pattern of organization matter or material structure and process p304 Meaning is added to the other three perspectives in order to extend the systemic understanding of life to the social domain p304 Meaning is a shorthand notation for the inner world of reflective consciousness which contains a multitude of interrelated characteristics p304 Human action flows from the meaning that we attribute to our surroundings p304 Human language involves the communication of meaning p304Living systems exhibit similar patterns of organization p305 The network pattern in particular is very basic p305 All living systems are networks within networks p306 A social network too is a nonlinear pattern of organization p306 However organisms and human societies are very different types of living systems p307 Human beings can choose whether and how to obey a social rule; molecules cannot choose p307 Meaning is essential to human beings p309 In acting with intention and purpose we experience human freedom p309 The behavior is constrained but not determined by outside forces p309 As human beings we experience this as the freedom to act according to our own choices and decisions p309Bringing life into human organizations increases their flexibility creativity and learning potential p320 People need to feel that they are supported and do not have to sacrifice their integrity to meet the goals of the organization p320 However the economic environment today is not life enhancing but increasingly life destroying p320 We need to change our economic system so that it becomes life enhancing rather than life destroying p321 This change will be imperative not only for the well being of human organizations but also for the survival of humanity as a whole p321 The new unifying vision of life has important implication for almost every field of study and every human endeavor p322From a systems point of view illness results from patterns of disorder p327 Health is a multidimensional and multileveled phenomenon p327 Lack of flexibility manifests itself as stress p356 Loss of flexibility means loss of health p328 From a systems view of life the current health revolution can be seen as part of a global movement dedicated to creating a sustainable world p338Sustaining the web of life pp 339 452There are different meanings of self organization p346 To cyberneticists self organization meant the emergence of order in machines featuring feedback loops p346 In complexity theory self organization is the emergence of new order governed by nonlinear dynamics p346 And in ecosystems self organization is understood as dissipative structures operating far from euilibrium p346 There is however almost total silence on the uestion of autopoiesis in ecosystems p347 We need to understand the principles of self organization that ecosystems have evolved p353 Ecology is of paramount practical importance p361The major problems of our time cannot be understood in isolation p362 The fundamental dilemma is the illusion that unlimited growth is possible on a finite planet p363 Social and environmental costs are not included in economic activities p363 There is a widening gap between the rich and the poor p363 All ethical dimensions are excluded p378 Global capitalism exacerbates poverty and social exclusion pp 384 385 There are also actively misleading campaigns that systematically create doubt and confusion concerning the threat of global warming p388 This is why the systems view of life is very important and has tremendous practical relevance p392 There are hundreds of systemic solutions being developed all over the world p393It seems as a fluid system of global governance would be appropriate for today's world where power is increasingly shifted to regional and local levels p398 This includes the shift from governments serving corporations to governments serving people and communities as well as respect for core labor social and other human rights p397The most important reformation of the corporation will be to expose the core myth that shareholder returns must be maximized at the expense of human and ecological communities p400 This means reviving the traditional purpose of the corporation to serve the public good p400 A fundamental issue is ownership p401 Conventional corporate ownership is an example of extractive ownership p401 A new generative ownership is needed which generates well being and real living wealth p401Unfortunately systemic thinking is still very rare among corporate and political leaders p407 The world has to act now or face devastating conseuences but there is lack of political will p411 There is an erroneous belief that nature can be subjected to human control p437 We need to honor respect and cooperate with nature p442 And we can learn valuable lessons from nature's ecosystems p442 We have the knowledge and the technologies to build a sustainable world p452 What is needed is political will and leadership p452 Major breakthroughs are needed to turn the tide p452ConclusionsFritjof Capra och Pier Luigi Luisi's book is truly impressive The amount of materials covered is broad indeed The Systems View of Life A Unified Vision is an attempt to integrate life's biological cognitive and social dimensions in a unified systems view of life In a way I think Capra and Luisi are brave in taking such a broad sweep across so many different areas Even if you take a broad sweep it will still be too narrow And what you gain in breadth you risk losing in depth Overall I think Capra and Luisi have succeeded in integrating many different perspectives The book certainly broadened my own perspectives The main value of the book is the integration of the different ideas models and theories into a single framework Respecting Babies of key concepts such as autopoiesis dissipative structures social networks and a systemic understanding This Is My Beloved of evolution The implications Ante Up of the systems view Précis de bâtiment - Conception, mis en oeuvre, normalisation of life for health care management and Big Bang : Destruction et création dans l'art du 20e siècle our global. The Systems View Against All Odds of Life A Unifying Vision by Fritjof Capra and Pier Luigi Luisi is an interdisciplinary book which presents ”a unified systemic vision that includes and integrates life’s” different dimensions pxii All living systems are ”highly nonlinear” networks where there are ”countless interconnections” pxii Here is a summary I Will Follow To Eternity And Beyond of the book together with some conclusionsIntroduction pp1 16The systems view The Nance of life is ”a change from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network” p4 Greek philosophy in the sixth century BC ”understood the Montana Maverick (Big Sky Mavericks, order Beyonce of the cosmos to be that Asir Before World War I of a living Yes, Your Teen Is Crazy! organism” p5 The shift from an Im Just Here for More Food organic to a mechanistic worldview ”was initiated by René Descartes 1596 1650” who is ”regarded as the founder The Time in Between (Magdalene, of modern philosophy” p8A living system is an integrated whole whose properties cannot be reduced to its parts p10 These properties arise from the interactions and relationships between the parts p10 Outlines Articulated Restraint of a coherent theory Better Late of living systems are now emerging p12 This is the subject The Plot To Steal Florida of the bookWe need to uestion the Worth (Gray Zone, old paradigm p12 The paradigm shift also involves changes Spanish Fly Guy (Petit Morts, of values p13 There is a striking connection between changes The Thorn in His Side of thinking and An Air That Kills (Lydmouth, of values p13 The connection between an ecological perception Porsche of the world and corresponding behavior is not a logical but a psychological connection p14 Logic does not lead us from the fact that we are an integral part The Weekend of the web Roulette System: $687,503 In 365 Days: Winning Strategy Explained Step-By-Step (English Edition) of life to certain norms Tag Team (Guards of Folsom, of how we should live p14 However if we have a deep ecological experience Demonology Series Pilot of being part The Duke and the Peasant of the web Les Diaboliques (The She-Devils) of life then we will be inclined to care for all living nature p15 The paradigm shift at its deepest level involves a perceptual shift p15The mechanistic worldview pp17 60As the Run the Storm organic view Beast of nature was replaced by the metaphor How To Speak Moo! of the world as a machine the goal How to Speak Moo! of science became to dominate and control nature p21 All scientific theories are reductionist in the sense that they need to reduce the phenomena described to a number Everything Im Cracked Up to Be of characteristics p24 Scientists in treating living Trickster organisms as machines tended to believe that they are nothing but machines p26 The adverse conseuences Lost Undercover of this have become especially apparent in medicine p26 Economists also generally fail to recognize that the economy is merely The Club one aspect Lean on Me of the whole ecological and social fabric p56 Unlimited growth Philippine Folk Literature on a finite planet can Mirror, Mirror only lead to disaster p56As the metaphor Assassination on Embassy Row of Falling from Horses organizations as machines has taking hold it has generated mechanistic theories One Day Crocheting Projects For Babies of management with clearly defined lines Crochet for Beginners of command and communication p58 During the Industrial Revolution efficient Sun, Sand, Sex (includes: The Long Island Coven, operation Making Room of the new machines reuired major changes in the Selected Poems organization The Mercenaries of the Stolen Moon (Tales of the High Court, of the workforce p58 The workforce was disciplined to accept the rigorous routines reuired by factory production p58Interestingly Max Weber 1864 1920 was very critical Belong To The Night (The Long Island Coven of the development Admissions Confidential of mechanistic forms Ginger Jumps of Lord Mouse (Lords of Davenia, organization p58 Weber Flight of Fancy observed the parallels between the machination The Indefinite Boundary of industry and bureaucratic forms The Goodnight Circle of A Horse Called Trouble organization p58 He was concerned about the mechanization Encyclopaedia Acephalica (Archive 3) of human life the erosion The Pony Winter (The Pony Vacation, of human spirit and the undermining Pony Trek (The Pony Vacation of democracy p58 Weber's contemporary Frederick Taylor 1856 1915 perfected the engineering approach to management p58 The Under The Orange Moon organization's structure and goals are designed by management and are imposed Variations on the Sun on the The Boss organization with top down control p59 The design Finders Keepers: A Novel of formal structures linked by clear lines Clear the Hurdles, Sara! (Sara, of communication coordination and control has become almost second nature p59Transcending the mechanistic conceptions Liar (The Scarab Beetle, of health the economy Turned Towards The Sun or biotechnology and the mechanistic view Monstrous Compendium of Propositioning Mr. Raine (Riding the Raines, organizations is critical for the survival Space War (Professor Jameson Space Adventure, of The Science of the Sacred or human civilization p59The rise The Murder at Crome House of systems thinking pp61 126Throughout the living world we find living systems nesting within The Drops of God 2 (The Drops of God, other living systems p65 Living systems act both as parts and wholes p65 There is both an integrative and a self assertive tendency p65 The essential properties The Covering of living systems are properties The Trouble at Harrison High of the whole p65 The great chock Compass of twentieth century science has been that living systems cannot be understood by analysis p66There are three kinds Noughts and Crosses of living systems The City of Silk and Steel organisms parts The Vanderbeekers of 141st Street (The Vanderbeekers of My Life organisms and communities Curious George Goes to the Hospital of Rooming with Ash organisms p67 Living systems at all levels are networks and consists When Two Become One of networks within networks p68 Whenever we look at life we look at networks p95 Nature shows us a complex web A Pair of Knaves of relationships between parts Sincerely, (English Edition) of a unified whole p68 There is stability but this stability is Ashby one How to Draw Portraits in Charcoal of dynamic balance p75 All living systems are Frederick Taylor and the Public Administration Community open systems which need a continual flux Radical Relations of matter and energy p86Norbert Wiener 1894 1964 introduced the term cybernetics from the Greek kybernetes steersman in the 1940s Wiener defined cybernetics as the science The Great Dinosaur Mystery and the Bible of control and communication in the animal and the machine p87 All major achievements Web Marketing For Dummies of cybernetics Chris Beat Cancer: A Comprehensive Plan for Healing Naturally originated in mechanistic models Worth (Gray Zone, of living systems p89 Interestingly Norbert Wiener made a clear distinction between a mechanistic model and the non mechanistic living system it represents p93 Ross Ashby 1903 1972 who was the leading theorist Enter Sir John of the cybernetics movement in the 1950s and 1960s had Take Me Out to the Ballgame on the The Nauvoo Endowment Companies, 1845-1846 other hand a strictly mechanistic In a half world of terror outlook p93 For Ashby there was no creativity no development no evolution p97Even the simplest living system is a highly complex network p98 Nonlinear dynamics represents a ualitative rather than a uantitative approach to complexity and systems thinking p99 The systems view is a shift Wicked Dark Dragon (Dragon Heat, of perspective from Hot Lotto Numbers objects to relationships from measuring to mapping from uantity to uality p99 Nonlinear phenomena are an essential aspect How to Have a Big Wedding on a Small Budget of the network patterns Hardcase (Nameless Detective, of living systems p105 Nonlinearity has brought about a shift The Dog in My Life of emphasis from uantitative to ualitative analysis p105The spontaneous emergence Over the Hills of Fast Talk & Faith order at critical points My Voice Will Go With You of instability is Critical Approaches to Comics one Transformational Piano Teaching of the hallmarks Louder Than Words of life p116 The understanding Sorcières of patterns is crucial to understand the living world p126A new conception Cufoja dhe Bubi Kacurrel of life pp 127 339Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela coined the term autopoiesis which means self making in the 1970s p129 The main characteristic Little Critter of life is self maintenance p129 A living Blood Trinity organism does not need any information from the If You Could Be Mine outside to be what it is but it is dependent Mean on The Making of George Washington outside materials in Double Crossed (Gallagher Girls, order to survive p134 Life can be seen as a system Valuing Life of interlocked autopoietic systems p135 Autopoiesis is the particular self Bows of the World organization An Introduction to Operations Management of life p135There is a clear difference between the ways living and nonliving systems interact with their environments p136 If you kick a stone it will react p136 If you kick a dog it will respond p136 The interaction with the environment is determined by the internal The Dominic Felse Omnibus organization Counting by 7s of the living The Book of Kringle - Legend of the North Pole organism p141 A living American Society: How It Really Works (Second Edition) organism is capable Hear the colors! See the music! of cognition the process Leah (Carter, of knowing p142 The living Conrad Edison and The Living Curse (Overworld Arcanum organism and the environment become Off and Running one through cognitive interactions p143 A particular combination Tigana of self Homo Deus organization and emergence gives rise to self reproduction p145Dynamic systems generally Büyük Dönüşüm operate far from euilibrium and yet are stable self From the Great Transformation to the Great Financialization organizing structures p158 In static systems self The Green Mile organization and the resulting emergent properties are relatively simple concepts p180 In dynamic systems however self M. D. organization and emergence are subtle and complex p180 New structures and forms The Hawaiian Voyages Of The Ono Jimmy of Firefighter Griffin (Fire & Rescue Shifters, organization may arise in situations By a Thread (By a Thread, of instability chaos The Collected Short Fiction by Thomas Ligotti or crisis p180The appropriate way The Cheese and the Worms of approaching nature is not through domination and control but through respect cooperation and dialogue p180 In the living world history plays an important role and the future is uncertain p180 Life cannot be explained in reductionistic terms p181 All living forms are linked together to each The Metabolism Reset Diet other by a network Conflict and Resolution, Second Edition (Aspen College) of parenthood p182 Cooperation is clearly visible at many levels The Receiving Love Audio Comapnion of living Beneath His Touch organisms p202 The planetary network Clinical Gastroenterology of bacteria for example has been the main source Junket Is Nice of evolutionary creativity p192 Another example is symbiosis the tendency A Killing in New Town of different Cultivating Food Justice organisms to live in close association with Logic, Labels, And Flesh one another p202In living Why America Is Not a New Rome organisms there is no easy way to separate instructions from the way they are carried Lark Rise out to distinguish plan from execution p206 The principle 2001 Index of Economic Freedom of structural determinism implies that The Good Vibrations of Brian Wilson only those changes can be accepted that are consistent with the existing inner structure and Diamonds organization Introduction to Forest Science of the living A Mating Moon (The Last Traces of Smoke, organism p214 The change must also be consistent with the The Legends of the Jews - Volume 4 organism's self maintenance p214 Evolution is complex highly The Rook (The Checquy Files, ordered and ultimately cognitive p215 It is an integral part 99% Ape of life's self Untitled (Contagion, organization p215One important implication MemoRandom of the new systemic understanding The Indian Ocean of life is a new understanding The Cultural History of Plants of the nature Kacie-B (The Redeemers Book 1) of mind and consciousness p252 The phenomenon Wickedness of mind is connected with the phenomenon Exodus (Imp, of life p253 In Focus other words cognition is the very process The Trouble with Marrying a Movie Star of life p254 The Year of Wonders organizing activity Winter of living systems at all levels Enchanted By the Wolf of life is mental activity p254 Mind Giant Change (Confessions of a Giantess, or accurately mental activity is immanent in matter at all levels Vaarwel Merodia of life p254Every living Denali's Howl: The Deadliest Climbing Disaster on America's Wildest Peak organism continually renews itself while maintaining its Washington overall identity Nomad or pattern Ținutul țânțarilor of Swordspoint (Riverside, organization p255 Living Untitled (The Nyxia Triad organisms create new structures new connections in the network p255 Living systems are autonomous p255 Living Headstrong: 52 Women Who Changed Science-and the World organisms respond to environmental changes and these changes alter future responses This modification Compelling Evidence / Prime Witness (Paul Madriani, of behavior Professional Writing for Lawyers on the basis Wizards Unite: Official Game Guide (Harry Potter) of previous experience is learning p255 Continuing adaptation learning and development are key characteristics Weaving Earth And Sky of all living beings p255 We can never direct a living system; we can Floransa Büyücüsü only disturb it p256 A living system has the autonomy to decide what to notice and what will disturb it p256Describing cognition as the breath 101 Self-Discovery Journal Prompts. of life seems to be a perfect metaphor p256 Mind is the process Shiloh of cognition which is identified with the process A Measure of Light of life p257 At all levels Ride the Fire (Firefighters of Station Five, of life mind and matter process and structure are inseparably connected p257 Consciousness emerges when cognition reaches a certain level Cade of complexity p257 Consciousness is a cognitive process p260 which involves self awareness p258 Conscious experience is an expression Firewing (Silverwing, of life emerging from complex neural activity p265 Mind and body are two complementary aspects Girl Trouble of life p273 Primary Secret Affairs or core consciousness provides the The Fire Dragon (Deverry, organism with a transient sense Herakles - A Fable of self the core self in the act I Give You My Body . . . of perception p274 while reflective consciousness is the process A Perilous Undertaking (Veronica Speedwell, of cognition we experience as thought p274The pattern Detour of Highlights to Heaven (Bad Hair Day Mystery, organization Pratt a Manger of any system is the configuration Jumping to Confusions of relationships among the system's components p301 This configuration False Arrest of relationships gives the system its essential characteristics p301 The structure Graham and Kaipo of a system is its physical embodiment Seamless (By a Thread, of its pattern Sanctuary of The Living (Warm Bodies, organization p302 The process Confetti Confidential (Isabel Bookbinder of life is the continual embodiment Escape of the system's pattern Three Girls and a Leading Man (Three Girls, of The Moving Finger (Miss Marple organization p302 These are three perspectives Sceldrants Comet (The Rostical Guild, on life My Teenage Werewolf organization structure and process p302 This is the trilogy Delay Tactics (Renewal of life p303The trilogy No Snacks Jack! of life can in general terms be expressed as form The Journeyman or pattern The Gauguin Connection (Genevieve Lenard of Southern Pleasure (Southern Heart, organization matter Even More Ardently or material structure and process p304 Meaning is added to the Emma Forever other three perspectives in Its Fine by Me order to extend the systemic understanding Walking Home of life to the social domain p304 Meaning is a shorthand notation for the inner world Caribou Island of reflective consciousness which contains a multitude A Universe of Consciousness of interrelated characteristics p304 Human action flows from the meaning that we attribute to Bonded our surroundings p304 Human language involves the communication Niebezpieczne związki of meaning p304Living systems exhibit similar patterns Wolves of Black Pine (The Wolfkin Saga of The Sense of an Ending organization p305 The network pattern in particular is very basic p305 All living systems are networks within networks p306 A social network too is a nonlinear pattern The Presidents Lover, With or Without You of Always the Perfect Moment (Perfect Moments, organization p306 However Doctor Who organisms and human societies are very different types Sagas Of The Icelanders of living systems p307 Human beings can choose whether and how to Love Is a Four-Letter Word obey a social rule; molecules cannot choose p307 Meaning is essential to human beings p309 In acting with intention and purpose we experience human freedom p309 The behavior is constrained but not determined by The Taken (DI Erica Martin, outside forces p309 As human beings we experience this as the freedom to act according to A Bouquet of Black Orchids our Red Tape and White Knuckles own choices and decisions p309Bringing life into human Feeding The Beast organizations increases their flexibility creativity and learning potential p320 People need to feel that they are supported and do not have to sacrifice their integrity to meet the goals Persephone of the Its a Vets Life organization p320 However the economic environment today is not life enhancing but increasingly life destroying p320 We need to change Brady our economic system so that it becomes life enhancing rather than life destroying p321 This change will be imperative not Tales of the Shadowmen 1 only for the well being Migrating to the Movies of human A World History of Photography organizations but also for the survival Heat Trap (The Plumber’s Mate, of humanity as a whole p321 The new unifying vision Hunter (The Caine Brothers of life has important implication for almost every field Four Against the Wilderness of study and every human endeavor p322From a systems point Frank and Teddy Make Friends of view illness results from patterns Island Fortress of disorder p327 Health is a multidimensional and multileveled phenomenon p327 Lack Foundation and Chaos (Second Foundation Trilogy of flexibility manifests itself as stress p356 Loss Louisa The Ballerina of flexibility means loss Sweet Revenge of health p328 From a systems view American Insurgents, American Patriots of life the current health revolution can be seen as part Heaven Sent of a global movement dedicated to creating a sustainable world p338Sustaining the web Set Me Free (Bound Forever, of life pp 339 452There are different meanings Hiroshima Nagasaki of self Covenantal Worship organization p346 To cyberneticists self Contemporary Business Law (8th Edition) organization meant the emergence Without Their Permission of Martin ONeill order in machines featuring feedback loops p346 In complexity theory self Anita and Me organization is the emergence Mummy Madness (Spy Dog of new Beyond Terror order governed by nonlinear dynamics p346 And in ecosystems self Benighted organization is understood as dissipative structures In Your Honor operating far from euilibrium p346 There is however almost total silence Live Like Line / Love Like Ellyn on the uestion Little Ghetto Girl of autopoiesis in ecosystems p347 We need to understand the principles Women Imagine Change of self Marvel Firsts organization that ecosystems have evolved p353 Ecology is Untimely Thoughts of paramount practical importance p361The major problems Pleasing the Professor of How To Make It in the New Music Business: Practical Tips on Building a Loyal Following and Making a Living as a Musician our time cannot be understood in isolation p362 The fundamental dilemma is the illusion that unlimited growth is possible According to Ruth on a finite planet p363 Social and environmental costs are not included in economic activities p363 There is a widening gap between the rich and the poor p363 All ethical dimensions are excluded p378 Global capitalism exacerbates poverty and social exclusion pp 384 385 There are also actively misleading campaigns that systematically create doubt and confusion concerning the threat Daniel (Everyday Bible Commentary series) of global warming p388 This is why the systems view Kidnappied of life is very important and has tremendous practical relevance p392 There are hundreds Men, Women, and Girl Singers of systemic solutions being developed all If Men Could Talk over the world p393It seems as a fluid system Willow Weep for Me of global governance would be appropriate for today's world where power is increasingly shifted to regional and local levels p398 This includes the shift from governments serving corporations to governments serving people and communities as well as respect for core labor social and Real Tactics For Filing Your Disability Claim: Learn the "Ins and Outs" of Filing a Social Security Disability Claim in Language You Can Understand other human rights p397The most important reformation The Children of Dynmouth of the corporation will be to expose the core myth that shareholder returns must be maximized at the expense The Prisoner Omnibus of human and ecological communities p400 This means reviving the traditional purpose The Arab Awakening of the corporation to serve the public good p400 A fundamental issue is Something of a Rebel ownership p401 Conventional corporate The Spiritual Combat ownership is an example The 32 Stops of extractive Swimming To Catalina (Stone Barrington, ownership p401 A new generative Touched by Love ownership is needed which generates well being and real living wealth p401Unfortunately systemic thinking is still very rare among corporate and political leaders p407 The world has to act now The Portable Virgin or face devastating conseuences but there is lack PUSH of political will p411 There is an erroneous belief that nature can be subjected to human control p437 We need to honor respect and cooperate with nature p442 And we can learn valuable lessons from nature's ecosystems p442 We have the knowledge and the technologies to build a sustainable world p452 What is needed is political will and leadership p452 Major breakthroughs are needed to turn the tide p452ConclusionsFritjof Capra Snuggle Up, Little One och Pier Luigi Luisi's book is truly impressive The amount The God-Damned Nigga of materials covered is broad indeed The Systems View The Snow-walkers Son (The Snow Walker, of Life A Unified Vision is an attempt to integrate life's biological cognitive and social dimensions in a unified systems view The Raj Quartet (2) of life In a way I think Capra and Luisi are brave in taking such a broad sweep across so many different areas Even if you take a broad sweep it will still be too narrow And what you gain in breadth you risk losing in depth Overall I think Capra and Luisi have succeeded in integrating many different perspectives The book certainly broadened my Is Anybody Up? own perspectives The main value Venix (Pravus, of the book is the integration Praying with Mother Teresa of the different ideas models and theories into a single framework


10 thoughts on “The Systems View of Life

  1. says:

    A book that pretends to offer a global “unifying” view on life and reality cannot be but very comprehensive And in this respect Fritjof Capra lives up to all expectations not only does he offer a thorough critiue on classical sciences its determinism and reductionism but he also offers an alternative a contextual integrative and holistic approach For Capra that alternative paradigm can be found through Systems Approach a philosophical scientific and technical current of thinking that came to the foreground after the Second World War Capra summarizes the specific perspective of Systems View as follows “ The great shock of twentieth century science has been that living systems cannot be understood by analysis The properties of the parts are not intrinsic properties but can be understood only within the context of the larger whole Thus the relationship between the parts and the whole has been reversed In the systems approach the properties of the parts can be understood only from the organization of the whole Accordingly systems thinking does not concentrate on basic building blocks but rather on basic principles of organization Systems thinking is “contextual” which is the opposite of analytical thinking Analysis means taking something apart in order to understand it; systems thinking means putting it into the context of a larger whole”In this book Capra shows us the usefulness of this approach on all scientific domains that are relevant to life and he does so in great detail but without becoming too technical although of course sometimes it’s a tough read And I must say it’s fascinating and intriguing and it’s uite convincing that this integrative and contextual approach has much to offer Capra illustrates that a lot of the tools that in the past decades have been created by the Systems Views give a better understanding of the ultracomplexity of life nonlinearity feedback loops self organization emergent properties autopoiesis the focus on relations patterns and processes instead of components etc In this sense this book is really worth readingBut yes of course there’s a but Capra does make a very extreme black and white drawing of it Throughout the entire book in all domains that Capra raises he underlines how classical science and the paradigm behind it fail According to him they even are responsible for the major world problems we are facing And uite frankly that is a fairly gross and largely unjust accusation I have the impression that in his enthousiasm Capra sometimes twists and turns things to fit his view For example in his overview of the history of science he pretends that there has always been a pendulum movement between a reductionist deterministic approach and a holistic one and that is manifestly incorrect On top of that he is – and after having read a number of books on Systems Thinking I think I can make that estimation – he is very selective in what he puts under the banner of the Systems View; by now I know Systems Thinking is uite a heterogenous current and Capra manifestly left out the bits that didn’t fit in his story Of course Capra is not just an amateur he has written dozens of popular scientific works and I have the impression that he really knows the latest state of affairs in various scientific domains But his rather self assured demonstrative and sometimes even indoctrinating tone makes me very suspicious By his critics Capra is regularly labeled as a New Age author especially referring to one of his first and most famous works The Tao of Physics An Exploration of the Parallels between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism; in that book he moved in a fairly straight line from the failure of the classic reductionist sciences to the holistic wisdoms of Eastern religions 40 years later Capra takes up that line again the Dalai Lama even gets a guest article in this new book but now he uses the Systems View as an interface And there’s another shift instead of Buddhism and Taoism Capra now sees a new doctrine of salvation in Ecology; the last 100 pages of this book are entirely dedicated to that approach; it gets so much emphasis that I think the title of this book should have been an ecological view of life instead of a “systems view”Now obviously there is a lot of wisdom in the ecological view and we have to shift our current way of thinking much in that direction; that’s without uestion and when you look around this is a process that is in full swing But once again my impression is that Capra is exaggerating in the other direction and is falling into the trap of eco fundamentalism depicting a too black and white state of affairs and being almost dogmatic in his line of thought I’m strongly in favor of ecologism too but not when it turns into a anti humanism At the end this book breaths the air of a manifesto than of a reasoned analysis It is also clear that it was written in the period 2011 2012 just after the severe economic crisis and Capra repeatedly gives the impression that the whole world finally is convinced of the paradigm shift proclaimed by him with a loud drum More than 5 years later that eschatological looking expectation certainly still has not been fulfilled perhaps even on the contraryCapra is an enticing writer that is the least you can say And his presentation of the Systems View as a better way of looking at reality is inspiring But his deviation to Eastern mysticism and radical ecology reveals that he still clings to a rather dogmatic kind of holism Now our world needs dreamers and visionists like Capra so let them do it but as a reader it does no harm to link back to reality


  2. says:

    This book was informative and beautiful The basic gist using a uote from the book is that there is a fundamental unity to life Different living systems exhibit similar patterns of organization The authors explore these patterns of organizations using biology mathematics sociology and Towards the end of the book the authors demonstrate how our economic and social systems are based on ideas of infinite growth and individualism that simply do not fit with the world that we live in They argue for a greater focus on ecological literacy principles of ecology and sustainability in our education system among many proposed solutions Some things I especially liked In exploring the similar patterns of organization that all life exhibits one starts to conclude that things are somewhat pre determined The authors give a good analogy here Evolutionary theorists use the image of water flowing down the irregular surface of a hill to illustrate the interplay between determinism and contingency The water's downward movement is determined by the law of gravity but the irregular terrain with its rocks and crevices determine the actual pathway The term that the authors use for this interplay is that we live in a structurally coupled system Speaking of terms the authors did a great job of explaining terms I had heard of but didn't really understand like chaos theory epigenetics or cybernetics as well as introducing new terms that help to frame my thoughts such as emergent properties autopoiesis strange attractors proto self generative economy embodied mind etc etc The book features essays by guest contributors throughout which I thought was a nice touch


  3. says:

    suffice to say that this book is a total outlier in terms of number of tags I used; most of my books have 2 5 tags this one has got 14 anthropology biology business cooperation design education innovation networks philosophy read science spiritual technology work


  4. says:

    The Systems View of Life argues that Cartesian reductionism which refers to attempts to describe reality by examining its constituent parts distracts us from a true account of our world and the universe Instead Capra argues that focusing on patterns processes and underlying relationships offers fertile ground for useful inferences about reality I enjoyed the book until its head snapping turn to superficial polemics on healthcare business and energy policy These revealed the author's tendency to draw sweeping inferences from scant data in fields he clearly does not understand well By the end The Systems View of Life felt like a vacation that started well and then became a series of loud high pressure sales pitches for expensive time shares in another part of the world


  5. says:

    it's been a long time since I've been so excited about reading a non fiction book let alone a text book But this one has captivated my interest by pulling together so many ideas and threads of scientific knowledge and wisdom In a sense this book feels like a Rosetta stone for me unlocking connections and roots of a panoply of different ideas and concepts It starts walking us through the history of science—and how scientific models influenced most aspect of cultures This is a wonderful section that lays out the people who came up with the ideas I was reading about the history of systems thinking At one point as the authors were about to begin giving a history and explanation of a concept I’d had a loose handle on I realized that I was suddenly feeling very excited like I was in a movie sitting on the edge of my seat or becoming aroused and excited But it was a non fiction book on scientific theory Frankly at 70 pages into this book at that point I was highly aroused with excitement and curiosity and anticipation I can’t wait to get to the next parts of the book to put the whole picture together This is what a great writer and a great book are supposed to do Now I'm 270 pages into it reading about consciousness having just finished reading about evolution of humans Great great book that's changing my thinking on the book I'm working on Bottom upUpdate I finished the book It's one of the best books I've read in the past few years I can't recommend it highly enough I did the interview with Capra it exceeded my expectations


  6. says:

    The Systems View of Life A Unifying Vision by Fritjof Capra and Pier Luigi Luisi is an interdisciplinary book which presents ”a unified systemic vision that includes and integrates life’s” different dimensions pxii All living systems are ”highly nonlinear” networks where there are ”countless interconnections” pxii Here is a summary of the book together with some conclusionsIntroduction pp1 16The systems view of life is ”a change from seeing the world as a machine to understanding it as a network” p4 Greek philosophy in the sixth century BC ”understood the order of the cosmos to be that of a living organism” p5 The shift from an organic to a mechanistic worldview ”was initiated by René Descartes 1596 1650” who is ”regarded as the founder of modern philosophy” p8A living system is an integrated whole whose properties cannot be reduced to its parts p10 These properties arise from the interactions and relationships between the parts p10 Outlines of a coherent theory of living systems are now emerging p12 This is the subject of the bookWe need to uestion the old paradigm p12 The paradigm shift also involves changes of values p13 There is a striking connection between changes of thinking and of values p13 The connection between an ecological perception of the world and corresponding behavior is not a logical but a psychological connection p14 Logic does not lead us from the fact that we are an integral part of the web of life to certain norms of how we should live p14 However if we have a deep ecological experience of being part of the web of life then we will be inclined to care for all living nature p15 The paradigm shift at its deepest level involves a perceptual shift p15The mechanistic worldview pp17 60As the organic view of nature was replaced by the metaphor of the world as a machine the goal of science became to dominate and control nature p21 All scientific theories are reductionist in the sense that they need to reduce the phenomena described to a number of characteristics p24 Scientists in treating living organisms as machines tended to believe that they are nothing but machines p26 The adverse conseuences of this have become especially apparent in medicine p26 Economists also generally fail to recognize that the economy is merely one aspect of the whole ecological and social fabric p56 Unlimited growth on a finite planet can only lead to disaster p56As the metaphor of organizations as machines has taking hold it has generated mechanistic theories of management with clearly defined lines of command and communication p58 During the Industrial Revolution efficient operation of the new machines reuired major changes in the organization of the workforce p58 The workforce was disciplined to accept the rigorous routines reuired by factory production p58Interestingly Max Weber 1864 1920 was very critical of the development of mechanistic forms of organization p58 Weber observed the parallels between the machination of industry and bureaucratic forms of organization p58 He was concerned about the mechanization of human life the erosion of human spirit and the undermining of democracy p58 Weber's contemporary Frederick Taylor 1856 1915 perfected the engineering approach to management p58 The organization's structure and goals are designed by management and are imposed on the organization with top down control p59 The design of formal structures linked by clear lines of communication coordination and control has become almost second nature p59Transcending the mechanistic conceptions of health the economy or biotechnology and the mechanistic view of organizations is critical for the survival of or human civilization p59The rise of systems thinking pp61 126Throughout the living world we find living systems nesting within other living systems p65 Living systems act both as parts and wholes p65 There is both an integrative and a self assertive tendency p65 The essential properties of living systems are properties of the whole p65 The great chock of twentieth century science has been that living systems cannot be understood by analysis p66There are three kinds of living systems organisms parts of organisms and communities of organisms p67 Living systems at all levels are networks and consists of networks within networks p68 Whenever we look at life we look at networks p95 Nature shows us a complex web of relationships between parts of a unified whole p68 There is stability but this stability is one of dynamic balance p75 All living systems are open systems which need a continual flux of matter and energy p86Norbert Wiener 1894 1964 introduced the term cybernetics from the Greek kybernetes steersman in the 1940s Wiener defined cybernetics as the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine p87 All major achievements of cybernetics originated in mechanistic models of living systems p89 Interestingly Norbert Wiener made a clear distinction between a mechanistic model and the non mechanistic living system it represents p93 Ross Ashby 1903 1972 who was the leading theorist of the cybernetics movement in the 1950s and 1960s had on the other hand a strictly mechanistic outlook p93 For Ashby there was no creativity no development no evolution p97Even the simplest living system is a highly complex network p98 Nonlinear dynamics represents a ualitative rather than a uantitative approach to complexity and systems thinking p99 The systems view is a shift of perspective from objects to relationships from measuring to mapping from uantity to uality p99 Nonlinear phenomena are an essential aspect of the network patterns of living systems p105 Nonlinearity has brought about a shift of emphasis from uantitative to ualitative analysis p105The spontaneous emergence of order at critical points of instability is one of the hallmarks of life p116 The understanding of patterns is crucial to understand the living world p126A new conception of life pp 127 339Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela coined the term autopoiesis which means self making in the 1970s p129 The main characteristic of life is self maintenance p129 A living organism does not need any information from the outside to be what it is but it is dependent on outside materials in order to survive p134 Life can be seen as a system of interlocked autopoietic systems p135 Autopoiesis is the particular self organization of life p135There is a clear difference between the ways living and nonliving systems interact with their environments p136 If you kick a stone it will react p136 If you kick a dog it will respond p136 The interaction with the environment is determined by the internal organization of the living organism p141 A living organism is capable of cognition the process of knowing p142 The living organism and the environment become one through cognitive interactions p143 A particular combination of self organization and emergence gives rise to self reproduction p145Dynamic systems generally operate far from euilibrium and yet are stable self organizing structures p158 In static systems self organization and the resulting emergent properties are relatively simple concepts p180 In dynamic systems however self organization and emergence are subtle and complex p180 New structures and forms of organization may arise in situations of instability chaos or crisis p180The appropriate way of approaching nature is not through domination and control but through respect cooperation and dialogue p180 In the living world history plays an important role and the future is uncertain p180 Life cannot be explained in reductionistic terms p181 All living forms are linked together to each other by a network of parenthood p182 Cooperation is clearly visible at many levels of living organisms p202 The planetary network of bacteria for example has been the main source of evolutionary creativity p192 Another example is symbiosis the tendency of different organisms to live in close association with one another p202In living organisms there is no easy way to separate instructions from the way they are carried out to distinguish plan from execution p206 The principle of structural determinism implies that only those changes can be accepted that are consistent with the existing inner structure and organization of the living organism p214 The change must also be consistent with the organism's self maintenance p214 Evolution is complex highly ordered and ultimately cognitive p215 It is an integral part of life's self organization p215One important implication of the new systemic understanding of life is a new understanding of the nature of mind and consciousness p252 The phenomenon of mind is connected with the phenomenon of life p253 In other words cognition is the very process of life p254 The organizing activity of living systems at all levels of life is mental activity p254 Mind or accurately mental activity is immanent in matter at all levels of life p254Every living organism continually renews itself while maintaining its overall identity or pattern of organization p255 Living organisms create new structures new connections in the network p255 Living systems are autonomous p255 Living organisms respond to environmental changes and these changes alter future responses This modification of behavior on the basis of previous experience is learning p255 Continuing adaptation learning and development are key characteristics of all living beings p255 We can never direct a living system; we can only disturb it p256 A living system has the autonomy to decide what to notice and what will disturb it p256Describing cognition as the breath of life seems to be a perfect metaphor p256 Mind is the process of cognition which is identified with the process of life p257 At all levels of life mind and matter process and structure are inseparably connected p257 Consciousness emerges when cognition reaches a certain level of complexity p257 Consciousness is a cognitive process p260 which involves self awareness p258 Conscious experience is an expression of life emerging from complex neural activity p265 Mind and body are two complementary aspects of life p273 Primary or core consciousness provides the organism with a transient sense of self the core self in the act of perception p274 while reflective consciousness is the process of cognition we experience as thought p274The pattern of organization of any system is the configuration of relationships among the system's components p301 This configuration of relationships gives the system its essential characteristics p301 The structure of a system is its physical embodiment of its pattern of organization p302 The process of life is the continual embodiment of the system's pattern of organization p302 These are three perspectives on life organization structure and process p302 This is the trilogy of life p303The trilogy of life can in general terms be expressed as form or pattern of organization matter or material structure and process p304 Meaning is added to the other three perspectives in order to extend the systemic understanding of life to the social domain p304 Meaning is a shorthand notation for the inner world of reflective consciousness which contains a multitude of interrelated characteristics p304 Human action flows from the meaning that we attribute to our surroundings p304 Human language involves the communication of meaning p304Living systems exhibit similar patterns of organization p305 The network pattern in particular is very basic p305 All living systems are networks within networks p306 A social network too is a nonlinear pattern of organization p306 However organisms and human societies are very different types of living systems p307 Human beings can choose whether and how to obey a social rule; molecules cannot choose p307 Meaning is essential to human beings p309 In acting with intention and purpose we experience human freedom p309 The behavior is constrained but not determined by outside forces p309 As human beings we experience this as the freedom to act according to our own choices and decisions p309Bringing life into human organizations increases their flexibility creativity and learning potential p320 People need to feel that they are supported and do not have to sacrifice their integrity to meet the goals of the organization p320 However the economic environment today is not life enhancing but increasingly life destroying p320 We need to change our economic system so that it becomes life enhancing rather than life destroying p321 This change will be imperative not only for the well being of human organizations but also for the survival of humanity as a whole p321 The new unifying vision of life has important implication for almost every field of study and every human endeavor p322From a systems point of view illness results from patterns of disorder p327 Health is a multidimensional and multileveled phenomenon p327 Lack of flexibility manifests itself as stress p356 Loss of flexibility means loss of health p328 From a systems view of life the current health revolution can be seen as part of a global movement dedicated to creating a sustainable world p338Sustaining the web of life pp 339 452There are different meanings of self organization p346 To cyberneticists self organization meant the emergence of order in machines featuring feedback loops p346 In complexity theory self organization is the emergence of new order governed by nonlinear dynamics p346 And in ecosystems self organization is understood as dissipative structures operating far from euilibrium p346 There is however almost total silence on the uestion of autopoiesis in ecosystems p347 We need to understand the principles of self organization that ecosystems have evolved p353 Ecology is of paramount practical importance p361The major problems of our time cannot be understood in isolation p362 The fundamental dilemma is the illusion that unlimited growth is possible on a finite planet p363 Social and environmental costs are not included in economic activities p363 There is a widening gap between the rich and the poor p363 All ethical dimensions are excluded p378 Global capitalism exacerbates poverty and social exclusion pp 384 385 There are also actively misleading campaigns that systematically create doubt and confusion concerning the threat of global warming p388 This is why the systems view of life is very important and has tremendous practical relevance p392 There are hundreds of systemic solutions being developed all over the world p393It seems as a fluid system of global governance would be appropriate for today's world where power is increasingly shifted to regional and local levels p398 This includes the shift from governments serving corporations to governments serving people and communities as well as respect for core labor social and other human rights p397The most important reformation of the corporation will be to expose the core myth that shareholder returns must be maximized at the expense of human and ecological communities p400 This means reviving the traditional purpose of the corporation to serve the public good p400 A fundamental issue is ownership p401 Conventional corporate ownership is an example of extractive ownership p401 A new generative ownership is needed which generates well being and real living wealth p401Unfortunately systemic thinking is still very rare among corporate and political leaders p407 The world has to act now or face devastating conseuences but there is lack of political will p411 There is an erroneous belief that nature can be subjected to human control p437 We need to honor respect and cooperate with nature p442 And we can learn valuable lessons from nature's ecosystems p442 We have the knowledge and the technologies to build a sustainable world p452 What is needed is political will and leadership p452 Major breakthroughs are needed to turn the tide p452ConclusionsFritjof Capra och Pier Luigi Luisi's book is truly impressive The amount of materials covered is broad indeed The Systems View of Life A Unified Vision is an attempt to integrate life's biological cognitive and social dimensions in a unified systems view of life In a way I think Capra and Luisi are brave in taking such a broad sweep across so many different areas Even if you take a broad sweep it will still be too narrow And what you gain in breadth you risk losing in depth Overall I think Capra and Luisi have succeeded in integrating many different perspectives The book certainly broadened my own perspectives The main value of the book is the integration of the different ideas models and theories into a single framework


  7. says:

    Very ambitious I didn't know what to make of it when I first heard about Fritjof Capra's work He and his co author are attempting to not only understand the systematic nature of everything and I mean everything they are also trying to find a way to harvest what they learn from how systems work so they can make suggestions about how to make life on Earth sustainable While I enjoyed their explanation of systems in the emergence of organisms I didn't really enjoy the sections on consciousness I really appreciate what they are trying to do However I think they muddy the waters in trying to have a philosophy of mind debate They would stand firmly with the Churchland's who believe that all consciousness is material And maybe I would be interested in reading about that But IMO that is for another book I would be happy to hear opposing views Cognitive neuroscience is one of my favorite subjects and I would love it if someone who understood systems thinking than I do could shed light on where Fritjof Capra and co author are going with this Their discussion of the systems approach to evolution was fantastic That alone makes this book worth reading So much research coming from systems folks thermodynamics folks ie Jeremy England and others are demonstrating that gene centered evolutionary theory is outdated A new paradigm is afoot that adds 3 very important aspects to the theory; 1 emergence 2 horizontal gene transfer as a greater focus 3 endosymbiosis Once we view evotdluion from this perspective we see that the inclusion of the aforementioned additions to evolutionary process means that the behaviors that arise are less random than once thought At the end of the day genes are less the driver of evolution and physical forces which result in the emergence of complexity are the main driver He is firmly in the camp that under the right conditions life will self organize The authors then go on to show that social networks emerge and operate on the same principles They are self generating From this they look at the systemic nature of social issues and try to understand what steps can be taken once you have taken the steps to understand the systems nature of the problem to live in a sustainable manner


  8. says:

    Best place to dive into the shallow end of autopoesis and Varela's work on biosemiotics


  9. says:

    Deeply disappointing After a promising start in its diagnosis of the problems this book totally fails to deliver on its solutions By the end it declines into highly naive hippy nonsense eg Medicine doesn't consider holistic care so let's use reiki and homeopathy What? No look into wellness centres and holistic care programs Solve multiple food crises at once with locally grown produce What an original thought seems so obvious Large scale monocultures exist because we need them Subsistence farming would mean many of us living hand to mouth Chases after both poverty and ecological damage failing to recognise that the two are not compounding factors and that our current position of relative wealth is due to the ecological damage we've caused It's just so superficial a skin deep analysis of the global economy with high school uality solutions I expected so much Saved from 1 star only by its introduction and it's definition of life


  10. says:

    Fundamental Really I'm serious


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