Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft review ↠ 3

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Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft

summary × eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ Jürgen Habermas

This is Jürgen Habermas's most concrete historical sociological book and one of the key contributions to political thought in the postwar pe. This is the ur text of publics theory I'm glad I read it like I'm glad when I eat healthy food

review Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft

Riod It will be a revelation to those who have known Habermas only through his theoretical writing to find his later interests in problems of. Several important influences on Habermas's work are evident Firstly he borrows many important terms and categories from Kant Hegel and Marx Many of his ways of thinking about the public sphere are explicitly Kantian and he develops Hegel's central category of civil society into the basis from which public opinion emerges Of these Kant is perhaps the greatest influence simply because for Habermas his work represents the fully developed theory of the public sphereThe Marxist cultural theory of the Frankfurt School is also an important influence particularly on the second part of the Structural TransformationThe Frankfurt School was a group of philosophers linked to the Institute of Social Research in Frankfurt active from the 1920s on Two of its most famous names were Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno The Frankfurt School adapted Marx's theories greatly in order to study modern culture and society They took the unorthodox view that the experience of totalitarianism in the Second World War showed that the lower classes or proletariat had become corrupted by mass culture They could no longer act as a revolutionary force Their pessimism about what social force might replace the proletariat increased as the twentieth century progressed Adorno is well known for his critiue of the modern culture industry which manipulated the public creating consumers of the mass media rather than critical readers Habermas draws on this savage criticism of modern society and culture in his treatment of advertising and the pressA personal influence was the German legal scholar Wolfgang Abendroth who supervised Habermas's original thesis at Marburg after it was rejected by Horkheimer and Adorno in Frankfurt Abendroth's work analyzed the relationship between the social welfare principle and the inherited structure of the German constitutional state He argued that the Federal German constitution aimed to extend the ideas of euality and welfare and that a socialist democratic state could emerge from its constitutional predecessor Habermas moved away from this concept of the development of states but acknowledges his debt to Abendroth in the dedidcation to the Structural TransformationHabermas's influence over other writers is considerable It has recently become evident in the English speaking world with the publication of a translation of the Structural Transformation An important collection of essays edited by Craig Calhoun see bibliography shows wide range of responses to his work scholars in English political theory and philosophy respond to Habermas in this volume Responses are so varied because so many different elements are present in Habermas's work Historians criticise the factual basis of many of his claims about the publishing industry about economic history and bourgeois culture More abstract theorists challenge his assumptions about a range of issues Feminist scholars for example argue that Habermas neglects the importance of gender and of the exclusion of women from the public sphere This is a point that Habermas has recently concededTheorists have attempted to work out the implications of the Structural Transformation for modern political theory This perhaps a difficult task as the second half of the book is problematic and less satisfying than the first Habermas's debates about public reason with the US philosopher John Rawls are well known Also many writers have attempted to apply Habermas's model of the bourgeois public sphere to other countries and periods They have tried to find the public sphere in America the Far East and a host of other unlikely places There is a tendency for these projects to misrepresent Habermas's original idea of the public sphere Given that he makes it clear that the public sphere was inseparably related to the social and economic conditions of eighteenth century Eu

summary × eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ Jürgen Habermas

Legitimation and communication foreshadowed in this lucid study of the origins nature and evolution of public opinion in democratic societie. Part historical overview think the Chartist Movement and the February Revolution part philosophical exploration everyone from Bayle to Hobbes to Rousseau to Locke part political science debate the social welfare state vs the liberal democracy Jurgen Habermas's The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere An Inuiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society delineates the outlines of the author's thesis with care and erudition leading to a work which eases its reader into a discussion of its main elements with rigorousness and supreme clarity Beginning with an initial Demarcation of a Type of Bourgeois Public Sphere the book goes on to outline the role the traditional bourgeois family had through its cultivation of interiority and concommitant engagement with the public sphere on informing and creating a rational critical informed analysis and dialogue with the political public sphere Delving deep into this area Habermas lucidly delineates the role in the critical 18th century that the middle class family with its development of literary engagement with the self and society had in creating the environment that made possible the great yet short lived existence of liberal democracy Moreover Habermas also dialectically describes the ideology of this period and its subseuent developments in a particularly enlightening discussion of thinkers as diverse as Marx Hobbes and Locke All through these introductory chapters the ideas are presented with a lucidity and clearness that both goes far to make clear the sometimes obscuredifficult concepts involved as well as bring the reader along gently in almost a classically narrative sense Developing the history of the publicprivate sphere dialectic even Habermas also discusses the historical development of the journal and newspaper discussing cogently how technological developments and the negative influence of capitalism weakened this once strong and vigorous voice of the informed public But perhaps the most compelling aspect of the work is saved for the end where Habermas acknowledging the transition from the Bourgeois state to the Social Welfare state outlines the growth of publicity and the public sphere in a world where public relations artifically molds what was once an authentic voice publicity into a easily manipulable form of false consciousness However not all is completely bleak for Habermas postulates a future where rational consensus can return And while this may seem like just a fig leaf of hope perhaps it is all we can wish for in our debased times

  • Paperback
  • 328
  • Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft
  • Jürgen Habermas
  • English
  • 08 May 2017
  • 9780262581080

About the Author: Jürgen Habermas

Jürgen Habermas is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and American pragmatism He is perhaps best known for his work on the concept of the public sphere the topic of his first book entitled The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere His work focuses on the foundations of social theory and epistemology the analysis of advanced capitalistic societies