Read & Download È India Wins Freedom: The Complete Version

India Wins Freedom: The Complete Version

Download India Wins Freedom: The Complete Version

Ive and goes over the happenings of the Indian Independence movement The book traces the events that took place and ultimately led to the partition in a frank and profound manner The book says that politics was responsible for the partition than religion It also. For the most par

Free download Á PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ì Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

India Wins Freedom is an enlightened account of the partition from the author Maulana Azad’s perspective It includes his personal experiences when India became independent and his ideas on freedom and libertyThe book takes the form of an autobiographical narrat. “INDIA WINS FR

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad ì 4 characters

States that India failed to maximise its potential when it gained independence The book discusses political hypocrisy and also touches upon contemporaries of the author’s like Nehru Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose and highlights their mind sets during that time. A must read book Everlasting Covenant that India failed Las correcciones to maximise its potential when it gained independence The book discusses political hypocrisy and also The Return of Sherlock Holmes touches upon contemporaries of The Tomato Book the author’s like Nehru Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose and highlights Loving Lilly their mind sets during The Complete Idiot's Guide to Quinoa Cookbook that Christmas Eve on Sesame Street time. A must read book


10 thoughts on “India Wins Freedom: The Complete Version

  1. says:

    I remember many years back when the complete version of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s book was released it had aroused a lot of curiosity as there was new content which he had authorized for release only after 30 years There is certainly material critical of other leaders especially Sardar Patel towards the end of the book though the treatment is fairly mature The book is right on most aspects including the fact that partition was not progress towards peace The main issue with the book though is that it has a “I know best” tone right through the entire book with blame laid on others –Patel Jinnah Nehru Gandhiji The book covers the period in the late 1930s and 40s leading up to the freedom of India Considerable part of the coverage is the period in the early 1940s when Maulana Azad was the President of the Indian National Congress The second world war and whether Indians will participate is contentious with most in the Congress wanting to tie to independence finds detailed discussion The uit India movement is launched in 1942 Maulana Azad holds that this was a mistake and all prominent Congress leaders ended up in jail while the Muslim League grew during that time and built up a case for partition Maulana Azad makes the point that there was apprehension among the Muslims on their status if the leadership was largely Hindu His reasoning here is spot on that rather than partition constitutional safeguards federal structure of states and strong leadership would have provided the safeguards and that is what he worked towards He points to mistakes Nehru made on two occasions where he could not arrive at a power sharing in states in 1937 with the Muslim league and later in 1946 mentioned in public that the cabinet plan will be improvised as needed Mr Jinnah already not too happy with the cabinet plan promptly rejected the cabinet plan The interim government was a turbulent affair with the Muslim League holding the Finance portfolio and entered into constant bickering and stonewalling proposals This apparently led Patel and later Nehru to give on the possibility of working with the League At the same time Lord Mountbatten became an advocate of partition as well While he is very critical of Patel here he also opines that maybe Lady Mountbatten had a role in convincing Nehru Maulana Azad now looks towards Gandhiji who does try his best in convincing Mr Jinnah but had to lose hope finallyPartition arrives and with it large scale violence and dislocation of people As Maulana Azad points out with mixed populations in so many places partition could never have been a good solution events completely bear him out with minorities in Pakistan facing intimidation and their numbers declining steeply However it was a genie which could not be put back in the bottle after the League went full steam with it Gandhiji’s fast in Delhi to bring the communal violence to an end makes for very moving reading Already very frail he does it with great risks to his health hardly able to move after a few days He breaks his fast by sipping juice from Maulana Azad’s hands finally as communities meet him and work to end the violence and acrimony Very soon further tragedy strikes with Gandhiji’s assassination and here again Maulana Azad feels caution could have been taken as there was a bomb attack shortly beforeAt the end as Maulana Azad writes all were losers with an unstable Pakistan struggling to establish a functional democracy and constant animosity between the nations This is entirely correct – the problems between the two nations is far greater than within a multi cultural India which now has a larger Muslim population than Pakistan other than all major world religionsThe only mistake which Maulana Azad says he personally made was not seeking re election in 1946 as Congress President instead proposing Nehru’s name It is always somebody else who is to blame for all problems and this is the most irritating aspect of the book This is an important book and in hindsight Maulana Azad makes all the right points with remarkable foresight on what partition would mean After every account that I read of the Indian Independence movement my respect for Mahatma Gandhi only goes up further With his selflessness love for all and absolute commitment to non violence he is the role model the world needs to follow


  2. says:

    Maulana Abul Kalam Azad has always been a person of interest to me He could be the best premise to test the secular credentials of Indian National Congress And he was successful in portraying that the communal tensions experienced by pre independent India had nothing to do with religion but everything to do with politics A staunch supporter of united India kept to his word till his last breath and openly criticized Gandhi Nehru and Patel for diluting their stands which resulted in the partition of India The end of a dreamThe book deals in detail with his Congress President ship period of 1940 1945 and continues with the partition story and ends with Gandhi's death His differences with major Congress leaders especially with Gandhi have been clearly highlighted His assertion that for him Non Violence was a matter of policy not of creed gave answers to my apprehensions regarding the concept of Non ViolenceHe didn't shy away from openly criticizing a few re owned leaders as those without a perspective of their own and as puppets of Gandhi He analyzed the political blunders committed by others as much as those committed by himself His predictions about the future of a special state for Muslims came to be very true as we see it todayMaulana Azad is perhaps next to Gandhi in influencing the freedom movement and it is sad that he is eclipsed by Nehru and Patel in terms of popularity Though ‘India wins freedom’ is a regular auto biography it is a must read for everyone to understand a man whose dream of India got shattered cause of various political transactions My interest in knowing the ideas of Maulana regarding the criticism that INC used him as a symbolic instrument to woo Indian Muslims to gain their support is not served though


  3. says:

    “INDIA WINS FREEDOM” is the best book to study the process of transfer of power from British to Indian hands The book gives detailed description of political activities happened during 1935 1947 from an insider’s point of view Maulana Abul Kalam AzadThe book was narrated by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad first education minister of independent India very low profile politician and written by Professor Humayun KabirOn Azad’s reuest initial version of the book was published in 1958 leaving portion of the book related to a “personal character” due to political gravity of the situation The complete version was kept in National Library Calcutta and the National Archives New Delhi for thirty years and then published in 1988 with court’s order Over 30 million copies have been sold already of this bookAzad has shared very little information about his personal life but has given detail of political life Book begins with election held after the introduction of provincial autonomy in 1935 and congress’s overwhelming victory Then he tells differences in congress about assumption of officeIn 1939 II world war began and Congress decided not to participate in war until and unless India was given complete independence In 1940 Azad took over the post of Congress President and he remained there until 1946 This was the critical time for India during this period there was many negotiations between Congress and British Govt like Cripps Mission Simla Conference The British Cabinet Mission As president of congress he was the representative of India in all these negotiationsHe had differences with GANDHIJINehru Patel and he has elaborated these incidents in detailsHe has also written about Two Faced Character of JinnahPartition is the worst moment in India’s historyBook gives details of the factors and characters responsible for partitionCharacters include JinnahMountbattenSardar Patel many This is a worth reading book for knowledge of History as well as Politics of pre independent India as well as for competition exam like IAS


  4. says:

    For the most part this is not a biography in the traditional sense but Maulana Azad's description of the last days of British India The key uestion of this period was Partition and it is one that continues to interest me Azad was on the side of the Indian nationalists and against the Muslim League The League did not participate in any organized fashion in the freedom struggle against the British Nonetheless many prominent Muslims did take part including Azad Abdul Ghaffar Khan and others The Muslim League failed to achieve electoral prominence among Muslims until the very last days of the RajAlthough Jinnah is often depicted in Indian historiographies as the villain who sundered the country the reality is complex Under his leadership the League actually accepted the British Cabinet Mission proposal for a united federal India This proposal had been created with strong input from Azad as it turns out It was Nehru who after the League's acceptance made a stunning statement apparently promising to disregard the agreement upon Indian independence Sardar Patel who had sectarian sentiments towards Muslims took similar steps to call the agreement into uestion It was this break of faith at a decisive moment that then made Partition inevitable and severed any possible reconciliation between the League and Congress It never fails to outrage me how the troubled interpersonal relations between a small group of people can end up destroying the lives of millionsAzad refused to give up what he saw as his right as a Muslim and as an Indian to partake in the social and political life of a united India My sympathies are with him in this Even with the most generous interpretation the concept of Partition suggested that Muslims somehow did not belong in India and did not have rights to it despite living there for over a thousand years This highly contentious idea was reified in the form of nation state borders that continue to exist today The conseuences for Indian Muslims who actually outnumber Pakistanis today have been very dire This book contains a very stirring address by Azad in which he outlines his opposition to Pakistan as a Muslim It is difficult to deal in counterfactuals and what is done is done Nonetheless I find Azad on all accounts to be a much formidable figure than the Muslim League members who went on to create Pakistan Having said that I wouldn't mind reading a book from their perspective


  5. says:

    Can anyone deny that the creation of Pakistan has not solved the communal problem but made it intense and harmful?Being someone who had always been against the Partition of 1947i've never met anyone from my countryPakistanthat agrees with me Mr Abul Kalam Azad's views concur with me on this point We have been taught in school and college that all Indians ever want to do is to undermine Pakistanis in any way they can Some common sense and reflection made me realize that perhaps the Congress' agenda and image was intentionally painted very incorrectly and inaccurately in the textbooks that are part of the curriculum in Pakistan's education system a bunch of evil hindus looking to crush muslims at the first chance and that there were muslims in Congress as wellbutthey were just puppets of the British governmentAnd Mr Jinnah is painted as almost the perfect human being Not even his enemies could say he didn't have integrity Butsurelyeveryone has critics No one exists that has said or done something that somehow antagonized some people at some point in their lives Mr Jinnah's critics are never mentioned in the revised for political reasons textbooks that we are taught to think are an authority on the subject Being sensibly aware enough to be aware of all thisi had always wanted to know the other side of the story I wanted to read about criticism against the great uad e Azam and Muslim LeagueThis book served my purpose and i loved reading it Mr Abul Kalam Azad's efforts were very important in liberating the people of the Indian subcontinent and i found myself agreeing to a lot of his personal convictions and viewpoints


  6. says:

    For the last few days I was transported to an era where struggle for freedom was still in process In this detailed analysis the author has firmly articulated the incidences that occurred during the movement and did not hold his thinking back At the middle of the book I really hoped that the Autobiography of the author would turn into fiction and the partition would not happen if the matters were carried out carefully It is only a wishful thinking All in all it was an honour reading a book by a great activist freedom fighter thinker philanthropist President of Indian National Congress and later the First Education Minister of India I was glad that the author threw light upon Lord Wavell's services in India of whom we don't get to learn much generallyComing straight from the President of INC for 7 years who knew inside out of the situation this book has left me with hope and positivity


  7. says:

    A must read book on Indian freedom struggle and to understand the process of power transfer from the British to the Indian handsMaulana Azad who devoted his political struggle for Hindu Muslim unity details the events that led to the partition of India and his prediction about the future of newly born Muslim state Pakistan seems to be true as we see it today Hopefully future would be better for PakistanBeing a keen student of Indo Pak history I am still bemused if the decision of partition was right or wrong but one thing is sure Pakistan is far behind the goals it gained the independence forA perplexing fact that hounds me is that if India had not been divided today there would have been than 33 percent Muslims which is a huge number for any democracy In any case they would have formed their own governments in the Muslim majority provinces and would have had high stake in the federation Today there are about 19 crores of Muslims in India 3rd largest Muslim population Another interesting fact is the change in the religious demographics over time ie in the year 1951 Muslim Population accounted for 98% of the Indian Population which has been increased to 1423% in the year 2011 Further among all religious groups Islam has the highest population growth in IndiaWith all the statistics mentioned above Muslims are still a minority and face several problems as a minority and also have to carry the guilt — wrongly of course — of having partitioned the country


  8. says:

    Very informative it presents a detailed and neutral account of the events that led to the partition of the sub continent A must read for anyone interested in the history of sub continent It covers events after the passage of Government of India Act in 1935 This book became interesting to me as I had read only the history that is taught to us in schools and at college level I only had a cursory idea that in Pakistan the history was greatly distorted in favor of Muslim League but what these distortions were I was unaware This was the first instance that I read the history of the partition from a Congress perspective I maintain that in order to form any judgments one must be well aware of the story from both sides this is not to say that I am now fully aware of the issue from both perspectives There's always room to discover dimensions The good thing about this book is that while pointing out the mistakes made by the British Government and The Muslim League Maulana Azad has not shied away from admitting his individual mistakes and that of his colleagues at Congress which makes this book a credible and objective historical account


  9. says:

    Maulana's very personal at times moving account of some of the fateful days and encounters he ended up having as the president of All India Congress in the 40s His tone somewhat reminded me of St Augustine's off the pages of ConfessionsHere is Maulana Sahib talking about his friend and colleague the first prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru also affectionately known as Nehru Chaacha or Uncle Nehru post 1940sJawaharlal's nature is such that when there is some tension in his mind he talks even in his sleep The day's preoccupations come to him as dreams When I came out Shrimati Rameshwari Nehru told me that for the last two nights Jawaharlal had been talking in his sleep He was carrying on a debate and was sometimes muttering and sometimes speaking loudly She had heard Cripps's name sometimes references to Gandhiji and sometimes my name This was added proof of how great was the strain under which his mind was working


  10. says:

    spoiler alert This book comprehesniviely covers the period from 1937 1947 which sadly has been scarcely covered in our history books I for one always been interested in this part of history as it was one of the crucial phase of path to Freedom Moreover rather than listening from any Historian reading a memoir's of someone who was at the helm of affairs gives a reader much deeper insightsThis was supposed to be a part 2 of 3 memoirs but because of unfortunate and sudden death of Abul Kalam in 1958 before his 70th birthday the day which was decided for launch of this book we will never get an opportunity to read those and only after reading this memoir one will realise what a great loss it has been for voracious Indian history readersUnfortunately Our History books have been unjust to him by giving him place in just foot notes inspite of he being the president of congress from 1940 1946 and sole representative of congress in Cripps Mission Shimla conference and Cabinet Mission while dealing with British government and therefore we never get the sense of important role played by him during that critical periodHe comes as a person who candidly expresses his opinion in his book without thinking about how the people will judge him and therefore also concede his blunders too also being practical he knew that some of them could create some dissent or tensions he asked a full version which had 30 extra pages to be released 30 years later where he candidly and rationally criticised Nehru Gandhi and Sardar for their wrong doings at different parts of history Some of the blunders he did which he conceded in the book that he did at the crucial juncture1 Did not give his nomination for reelection in 1946 Prez election 2 Not forwarding Name for Sardar Patel for President during the crucial period of 19463 Not accepting any position in interim government formed in 1946 which he took later after Gandhi's pursuance GandhiHe does mince his words in voicing his opinion when Gandhi was wrong like for him non violence was a mean to get Indian Freedom unlike Gandhi for whom it was creed irrespective of we get independence or not and Gandhi's fierce opposition against India joining hands for the war even if it assured India's freedom Gandhi even suggested British Government that instead of a war against Hitler Britishers should give Hitler some spiritual lessons He also talks about uncharacteristic subordination specially of Sardar Patel Rajendra Prasad and Kriplani towards Gandhi even when they themselves were not confident of Gandhi's decision Before PartitionSardar PatelIt's also give some insights about vices of Sardar too which lately has only been painted as person who could not do any wrong 1 Sardar's persistence and fear for not letting go Home Ministry in Interim government which lead to Liyaat Ali getting Finance Ministry and with power of finace able to succeed in interfering in every ministry 2 Sardar's falling for Mountbaton3 His alleged conspicuous inactivity after the independence during the time when Muslims were being Killed in Delhi4 His indifference towards Gandhi during the last years specially after independenceNehru1 Nehru's mistake of refusing Cabinet Mission's proposal soon taking over the Congress president of 1946 when the working committee and AICC already accepted cabinet mission recommendation proposals in toto and therefore giving a chance for Muslim Legue to drifted apart 2 Nehru weakness of being influenced by his admirers Krishna Menon and Lady Mount baton being some of the examples The book lucidly explains the reason behind the failure of Shimla conference failure i and surprisingly first time I have seen Lord Wavell in positive terms in text books most of the failure of Shimla talks is put on Lord Wavell He also wonderfully gives a nuance understanding of Muslim League its ups and down period and the circumstances where Congress leaders did blunders which later were exploited By Jinnah for his goals 1937 elections Gandhi giving him title of ayde e Azam and many Abul Kalam also in detail gives us the clear picture of of how important leaders came into an acceptance with inevitability of partition and the events before it Like Sardar Patel in 1947 became fervour supporter of partition after bitter experiences with Muslim League in the interim government specially with Liyaat Ali than even Jinnah On the contrary Abul Kalam still believed that if his idea of the power distribution between centre and states which later reflected or less in Cabinet Mission be implemented in letter and spirit we could have avoided partition though I still believe that this was his wishful thinking Also decision about dividing the army which both Mount Baton and Kalam were not in favour and their premonition came true when it was reported that both divided Indian and Pakistan army willingly participated in killing of Hindus and Muslims and both end of the border during riots at the time of partition I have never read such a frank and forthright representation of the events priors to independence and for readers interested in that phase1937 1947 this is a book not to be missed


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