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Cymbeline

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Actor playing the part of a girl disguised as a boy It is while the brothers think the person is a boy that they fall in love with him Cymbeline also contains one of the best songs in all of Shakespeare It When I first started reading this play another reviewer pointed out that it's like Shakespeare just said fuck it I'm using every good idea I ever had in one play and damn she was right Cymbeline is such a wild ride from start to finish that never ceases to be thrilling It has elements of Othello The Winter's Tale King Lear and many of Shakespeare's most revered plays Cymbeline is set in Ancient Britain and concerns itself with the Celtic British King Cymbeline not gonna lie when I started this play I thought Cymbeline would be a woman lmao just goes to show the amazing knowledge that I have of British history The play has been considered a tragedy in the First Folio but modern critics often classify it as a romance or comedy which I would agree with as well In case you're up for a little background knowledge on the whole uarto versus folio spiel that you can whip out at parties to impress absolutely no one Shakespeare was uite popular with his contemporaries but his commitment to the theatre and to the plays in performance is demonstrated by the fact that only about half of his plays appeared in print in his lifetime in slim paperback volumes known as uartos so called because they were made from printers' sheets folded twice to form four leaves eight pages None of them show any sign that he was involved in their publication For him performance was the primary means of publication Luckily for us in 1623 seven years after he died his colleagues John Heminges and Henry Condell published his collected plays including the 18 that had not previously appeared in print in the First Folio whose name derives from the fact that printers' sheets were folded only once to produce two leaves four pages Anyways let's get back to Cymbeline It is one of Willie's last plays and a very perplexing work of art It was probably written in the middle of 1610 and managed to connect the primary genres of tragedy and comedy through the phenomenon of wonder It is the story familiar in all Western literature of how children struggle to get free from their parents In Cymbeline all these traditional rites of passage that allow children to detach themselves from their parents without being too damaged in the process are abruptly and disastrously interrupted The mysterious snatching away of the baby princes Guiderius and Arvirargus Britain's break with Rome Imogen's sudden wedding and flight from her father Seen this way a good deal of suffering in Cymbeline can be attributed to fathers and father figured whether it's the kidnapper and substitute father Belarius or the Roman Emperor denying Britain full nationhood or Cymbeline himself peevishly trying to block his daughter's marriage Fathers fail their children in Cymbeline or get in the way or simply become unimportant as they do in most of Shakespeare's work In the play Imogen's exiled husband Posthumus meets Iachimo who challenges the prideful Posthumus to a bet that he can seduce Imogen whom Posthumus has praised for her chastity and then bring Posthumus proof of Imogen's adultery Iachimo heads to Britain where he aggressively attempts to seduce the faithful Imogen who sends him packing Iachimo then hides in a chest in Imogen's bedchamber and when the princess falls asleep emerges to steal from her Posthumus's bracelet He also takes note of the room as well as the mole on Imogen's partly naked body to be able to present false evidence to Posthumus that he has seduced his bride What the audience will ask is whether any harm has been done to Imgoen by his gazing at her and turning her into an image beyond the damage he plans to do to her reputation with Posthumus Has he in any sense raped her or transformed her Shakespeare opens up several disturbing things in this scene about men and their sexual desires Iachimo is a voyeur and when Imogen falls asleep she becomes vulnerable to his exploitation Due to their similar actions and functions within the play Iachimo naturally reminded me of Othello's Iago remember that damn handkerchief However I think it is preparedness that ultimately distinguishes the two In Othello Iago's opportunism – his ability to exploit new circumstances and to relish taking a risk even after a temporary setback – differs from the subtle and cautious planning implied by Iachimo arriving with a conjurer's trick boy and fancy explanation about a gift for the Emperor Both men are villains who know how to manipulate their victims' insecurities and jealousies but Iachimo's villainy looks like a careful instrument of some design than the embodiment of capricious and anarchic malice Returning to Italy Iachimo convinces Posthumus that he has successfully seduced Imogen In his wrath Posthumus sends two letters to Britain one to Imogen telling her to meet him at Milford Haven on the Welsh coast; the other to the servant Pisanio ordering him to murder Imogen at the Haven Cloten's main function in the play is to suffer the insults and death that Posthumus deserves Shakespeare breaks with the established image of the blameless hero or husband who in the source material of the play and in all earlier versions of the wager story goes unpunished even though he orders the murder of his own wife Posthumus is naive even beyond what normally happens in this type of test a wife story so easily deluded in fact that his outbursts suffuse he had never fully trusted Imogen Later in the play the departure from this convention of the impeccable hero is even startling when Posthumus regents and feels suicidal that he ordered Pisanio to murder Imogen Posthumus' hysterical loss of self control points to a deep rooted distrust of womenTo protect Posthumus from the ultimate penalty for his crime Shakespeare invented a surrogate for him and then played a joke on the surrogate by giving him an especially appropriate name Cloten – the clot that is the thick lump the clod poll the blockish head But Cloten is linked to Posthumus by than his name The characters significantly never appear onstage together and there are disturbing similarities in the things they plan to do to Imogen to take revenge on her The consensus now is that they are Jekyll and Hyde doubles and that a single actor may have played both parts on the Jacobean stage The closely Cloten resembles Posthumus the darker the play will be Meanwhile Cloten learns of the meeting between Imogen and Posthumus at Milford Haven Dressing himself enviously in Posthumus's clothes he decides to go to Wales to kill Posthumus and then rape abduct and marry ImogenImogen has now been travelling as Fidele through the Welsh mountains her health in decline as she comes to a cave the home of Belarius along with his sons Polydore and Cadwal whom he raised into great hunters These two young men are in fact the British princes Guiderius and Arviragus who themselves do not realise their own origin The men discover Fidele and instantly captivated by a strange affinity for him become fast friends Outside the cave Guiderius is met by Cloten who throws insults leading to a sword fight during which Guiderius beheads Cloten Imogen believing the corpse to be her husband driven by the extremity of her grief bloodies her face from the severed arteries in the man's neck so that together she and he may seem 'the horrid' to those who will chance to find them This is awful and it is awful in a way that goes beyond the horrors of classical tragedy Some of Shakespeare's contemporaries believed that the world of Ancient Britain was purer and primitive than their own because closer in time to the lost Golden Age and not corrupted by Rome and the Pope so perhaps in Cymbeline he set out to show them just how wrong they wereThe play ends with pardons reunions and settled uarrels and with the prophecy explained The concluding lines close in a moment of stasis just before all good things are about to begin If we take a closer look at the reunion between Imogen and Posthumus though we will find another image of dependency fixed for ever When Imogen embraces Posthumus he lifts her up and says Hang there like fruit my soulTill the tree die Tennyson wanted these lines with him on his deathbed he thought them so beautiful but they also tell us something uncomforting about this couple Posthumus says he is the tree and Imogen is the fruit so she will hang pendant from him for ever never ripening and falling always his wife and always his daughter This is especially sickening since Posthumus is such bad weak evil man who blames everyone but himself for his own shortcomings and uestionable actions like ordering the murder of Imogen herself ugh Indeed the rehabilitation of Posthumus at the end of the play is the most difficult task that Shakespeare set himself in Cymbeline and I'm not uite sure if he succeeded not in my book at least Favorite uote Sir I would advise you to shift a shirt; the violence of action hath made you reek as sacrifice is basically Shakespeare's fancy way of saying You stink put on some fresh clothes And I love him for that Favorite stage direction Jupiter descends in thunder and lightning sitting upon an eagle He throws a thunderbolt The ghosts fall on their knees I mean you can't make that shit up Just imagining how they must've staged that in the early 17th century makes me cackle so much What a mess Higgledy Piggledy the Hen Who Loved to Dance love with him Cymbeline also contains one of the best songs in all of Shakespeare It When I first started reading this play another reviewer pointed out that it's West Wing to Maternity Wing! like Shakespeare just said fuck it I'm using every good idea I ever had in one play and damn she was right Cymbeline is such a wild ride from start to finish that never ceases to be thrilling It has elements of Othello The Winter's Tale King Lear and many of Shakespeare's most revered plays Cymbeline is set in Ancient Britain and concerns itself with the Celtic British King Cymbeline not gonna Tales from a Young Vet lie when I started this play I thought Cymbeline would be a woman An Honorable Gentleman lmao just goes to show the amazing knowledge that I have of British history The play has been considered a tragedy in the First Folio but modern critics often classify it as a romance or comedy which I would agree with as well In case you're up for a Bulletproof Bodyguard / Heiress Recon little background knowledge on the whole uarto versus folio spiel that you can whip out at parties to impress absolutely no one Shakespeare was uite popular with his contemporaries but his commitment to the theatre and to the plays in performance is demonstrated by the fact that only about half of his plays appeared in print in his Christmas Wishes lifetime in slim paperback volumes known as uartos so called because they were made from printers' sheets folded twice to form four Devils Due (Red Letter Days, leaves eight pages None of them show any sign that he was involved in their publication For him performance was the primary means of publication Luckily for us in 1623 seven years after he died his colleagues John Heminges and Henry Condell published his collected plays including the 18 that had not previously appeared in print in the First Folio whose name derives from the fact that printers' sheets were folded only once to produce two Apple Blossom Bride (Serenity Bay, leaves four pages Anyways Hot Spell (P.A.R.A Investigations let's get back to Cymbeline It is one of Willie's The Promise He Made last plays and a very perplexing work of art It was probably written in the middle of 1610 and managed to connect the primary genres of tragedy and comedy through the phenomenon of wonder It is the story familiar in all Western Seven Wonders Journals literature of how children struggle to get free from their parents In Cymbeline all these traditional rites of passage that allow children to detach themselves from their parents without being too damaged in the process are abruptly and disastrously interrupted The mysterious snatching away of the baby princes Guiderius and Arvirargus Britain's break with Rome Imogen's sudden wedding and flight from her father Seen this way a good deal of suffering in Cymbeline can be attributed to fathers and father figured whether it's the kidnapper and substitute father Belarius or the Roman Emperor denying Britain full nationhood or Cymbeline himself peevishly trying to block his daughter's marriage Fathers fail their children in Cymbeline or get in the way or simply become unimportant as they do in most of Shakespeare's work In the play Imogen's exiled husband Posthumus meets Iachimo who challenges the prideful Posthumus to a bet that he can seduce Imogen whom Posthumus has praised for her chastity and then bring Posthumus proof of Imogen's adultery Iachimo heads to Britain where he aggressively attempts to seduce the faithful Imogen who sends him packing Iachimo then hides in a chest in Imogen's bedchamber and when the princess falls asleep emerges to steal from her Posthumus's bracelet He also takes note of the room as well as the mole on Imogen's partly naked body to be able to present false evidence to Posthumus that he has seduced his bride What the audience will ask is whether any harm has been done to Imgoen by his gazing at her and turning her into an image beyond the damage he plans to do to her reputation with Posthumus Has he in any sense raped her or transformed her Shakespeare opens up several disturbing things in this scene about men and their sexual desires Iachimo is a voyeur and when Imogen falls asleep she becomes vulnerable to his exploitation Due to their similar actions and functions within the play Iachimo naturally reminded me of Othello's Iago remember that damn handkerchief However I think it is preparedness that ultimately distinguishes the two In Othello Iago's opportunism – his ability to exploit new circumstances and to relish taking a risk even after a temporary setback – differs from the subtle and cautious planning implied by Iachimo arriving with a conjurer's trick boy and fancy explanation about a gift for the Emperor Both men are villains who know how to manipulate their victims' insecurities and jealousies but Iachimo's villainy The Defiant Debutante looks Gold Rush Groom like a careful instrument of some design than the embodiment of capricious and anarchic malice Returning to Italy Iachimo convinces Posthumus that he has successfully seduced Imogen In his wrath Posthumus sends two Tested By Fire letters to Britain one to Imogen telling her to meet him at Milford Haven on the Welsh coast; the other to the servant Pisanio ordering him to murder Imogen at the Haven Cloten's main function in the play is to suffer the insults and death that Posthumus deserves Shakespeare breaks with the established image of the blameless hero or husband who in the source material of the play and in all earlier versions of the wager story goes unpunished even though he orders the murder of his own wife Posthumus is naive even beyond what normally happens in this type of test a wife story so easily deluded in fact that his outbursts suffuse he had never fully trusted Imogen Later in the play the departure from this convention of the impeccable hero is even startling when Posthumus regents and feels suicidal that he ordered Pisanio to murder Imogen Posthumus' hysterical Rancher Daddy (Saddlers Prairie, loss of self control points to a deep rooted distrust of womenTo protect Posthumus from the ultimate penalty for his crime Shakespeare invented a surrogate for him and then played a joke on the surrogate by giving him an especially appropriate name Cloten – the clot that is the thick Even in the Darkness (The Lakeview Series, lump the clod poll the blockish head But Cloten is Maybe This Christmas...? linked to Posthumus by than his name The characters significantly never appear onstage together and there are disturbing similarities in the things they plan to do to Imogen to take revenge on her The consensus now is that they are Jekyll and Hyde doubles and that a single actor may have played both parts on the Jacobean stage The closely Cloten resembles Posthumus the darker the play will be Meanwhile Cloten The Quest (Warriors for the Light learns of the meeting between Imogen and Posthumus at Milford Haven Dressing himself enviously in Posthumus's clothes he decides to go to Wales to kill Posthumus and then rape abduct and marry ImogenImogen has now been travelling as Fidele through the Welsh mountains her health in decline as she comes to a cave the home of Belarius along with his sons Polydore and Cadwal whom he raised into great hunters These two young men are in fact the British princes Guiderius and Arviragus who themselves do not realise their own origin The men discover Fidele and instantly captivated by a strange affinity for him become fast friends Outside the cave Guiderius is met by Cloten who throws insults The Rich Stranger (Princes of the Outback, leading to a sword fight during which Guiderius beheads Cloten Imogen believing the corpse to be her husband driven by the extremity of her grief bloodies her face from the severed arteries in the man's neck so that together she and he may seem 'the horrid' to those who will chance to find them This is awful and it is awful in a way that goes beyond the horrors of classical tragedy Some of Shakespeare's contemporaries believed that the world of Ancient Britain was purer and primitive than their own because closer in time to the Sleeping Beauty Suspect lost Golden Age and not corrupted by Rome and the Pope so perhaps in Cymbeline he set out to show them just how wrong they wereThe play ends with pardons reunions and settled uarrels and with the prophecy explained The concluding Christmas with Her Boss lines close in a moment of stasis just before all good things are about to begin If we take a closer Hunters Moon (Night Warriors, look at the reunion between Imogen and Posthumus though we will find another image of dependency fixed for ever When Imogen embraces Posthumus he The Bad Luck Wedding Cake (Bad Luck Brides, lifts her up and says Hang there The Accidental Bodyguard (Accidental, like fruit my soulTill the tree die Tennyson wanted these One Good Man lines with him on his deathbed he thought them so beautiful but they also tell us something uncomforting about this couple Posthumus says he is the tree and Imogen is the fruit so she will hang pendant from him for ever never ripening and falling always his wife and always his daughter This is especially sickening since Posthumus is such bad weak evil man who blames everyone but himself for his own shortcomings and uestionable actions Branded (Whitehorse, MT: Chisholm Cattle Co., like ordering the murder of Imogen herself ugh Indeed the rehabilitation of Posthumus at the end of the play is the most difficult task that Shakespeare set himself in Cymbeline and I'm not uite sure if he succeeded not in my book at Soldier Caged / Seducing the Mercenary least Favorite uote Sir I would advise you to shift a shirt; the violence of action hath made you reek as sacrifice is basically Shakespeare's fancy way of saying You stink put on some fresh clothes And I In Care Of The Sheriff love him for that Favorite stage direction Jupiter descends in thunder and Alaskan Nights lightning sitting upon an eagle He throws a thunderbolt The ghosts fall on their knees I mean you can't make that shit up Just imagining how they must've staged that in the early 17th century makes me cackle so much What a mess

CHARACTERS · THARROWEBDESIGN.CO.UK ✓ William Shakespeare

Begins like this Fear no the heat o' the sun Nor the furious winter's rages; Thou thy worldly task hast done Home art gone and ta'en thy wages; Golden lads and girls all must As chimney sweepers come to dus Cymbeline I considered a difficult play to stage until a surprisingly coherent version at the Huntington Theater in 1991 directed by Larry Carpenter My grad school classmate Peter Altman ran the Huntington back then But reading it under the Trumpster makes all Iachimo’s lies problematic; our context changes the register of the play disenchants it Wonder about the Boston Shakespeare Project production the matinee on Boston Commons today 3 Aug 19 directed by my favorite director of all Fred Sullivan of the Gamm and Trinity Suare in Pawtucket and Providence His comedies are especially effective but I shall miss this because of prior commitments So many Shakespeare villains articulate truths like Iago and here the clod Cloten whose assault on the married Imogen gave me the title to my book on Shakespeare and popular culture which I called Meaner Parties Cloten says of her marriage to Leonatus “It is no contract none;And though it be allowed in meaner partiesto knit their souls On whom there is no dependency But brats and beggary in self figur’d knot Yet you are curbedby the conseuence of a crown”IIiii116ff He refers to canon law’s accepting in York Minster's Dean Swinburne’s Of Spousals handshake marriages—as long as there were witnesses to the vows spoken along with the ring or token By the way three centuries before DeBeers engagement and marriage rings weren't distinct; both could be military or wax sealrings I first read Swinburne’s Of Spousals written in 1604 published in 1680's in the Harvard Law School Library Treasure Room My brother who went to Harvard Divinity said Swinburne’s book had been in the Divinity Library which did not have ample funds to protect it I applied Swinburne and Lawcourt studies to plays with handfast marriages MFM All's Well and Cymbeline A couple scenes prior to Cloten here Iachimo comes to England with a letter of endorsement part of a bet from Posthumus Leonatus Ivi Posthumus had been exiled to Italy by Cymbelene for displacing the new ueen’s execrable son Cloten in Imogen’s affection—in fact marrying her As in Merchant of Venice where Shylock compares his daughter and his ducats his dearest possessions Posthumous compares Imogen’s gift ring and herself; to Iachimo’s taunt “I have not seen the most precious diamond that there is nor you the lady” Posthumus rejoins “I praised her as I rated her so do I my stone” Iachimo even refers to Imogen as “she your jewel” to accompany the diamond “this your jewel”Iiv153 Having set up so close a comparison—indeed an identity— between the token jewel and the lover jewel no wonder Posthumus falls apart when Iachimo brings back the bracelet he’d stolen from Imogen Posthumus’s friend Philario notes he is “uite beyond the government of patience”IIiv150—rather like a certain new Supreme Court judge Later confessing to King Cymbeline’s inuiry “How came it yours” about the diamond on his finger Iachimo blurts out that he defamed Imogen with token evidence “that he could not But think her bond of chastity uite crack’d I having taken this forfeit”Vv206 Posthumus need not have so concluded had he not merged token and person so strongly in his own mind But Renaissance marriage court records fill with rings and bracelets betokening contract whereas in fact it was the words accompanying the token the vow that counted in law What we call domestic court were then in church canon courts like Deacon Swinburne’s in York Minster the room still exists with three judge chairs on a raised dias now used as a vestry Shakespeare’s plays feature tokens and vows Cymbeline could have learned how to run a ring court from the King of France in All’s Well And of course Twelfth Night boasts the most rings of the Bard’s plays See my “Early Modern Rings and Vows in TN” in Twelfth Night New Critical Essays NY Routledge 2011 ed James Schiffer Note I uote from my old Harrison edition which uses Iachimo not Jachimo but I uote a bit from Wells and Taylor Compact edition 1992 I shall add on birds in the play Ruddock euro Robin and Puttock bird of prey and others meaner in Elizabethan usage lower status parties in the legal senseaverage Joes and Jo's All the Plants of the Bible like this Fear no the heat o' the sun Nor the furious winter's rages; Thou thy worldly task hast done Home art gone and ta'en thy wages; Golden Fucking My Gullible Sister in Her Virgin Pussy lads and girls all must As chimney sweepers come to dus Cymbeline I considered a difficult play to stage until a surprisingly coherent version at the Huntington Theater in 1991 directed by Larry Carpenter My grad school classmate Peter Altman ran the Huntington back then But reading it under the Trumpster makes all Iachimo’s Venice Vampires lies problematic; our context changes the register of the play disenchants it Wonder about the Boston Shakespeare Project production the matinee on Boston Commons today 3 Aug 19 directed by my favorite director of all Fred Sullivan of the Gamm and Trinity Suare in Pawtucket and Providence His comedies are especially effective but I shall miss this because of prior commitments So many Shakespeare villains articulate truths Venice Vampires 2 like Iago and here the clod Cloten whose assault on the married Imogen gave me the title to my book on Shakespeare and popular culture which I called Meaner Parties Cloten says of her marriage to Leonatus “It is no contract none;And though it be allowed in meaner partiesto knit their souls On whom there is no dependency But brats and beggary in self figur’d knot Yet you are curbedby the conseuence of a crown”IIiii116ff He refers to canon Venice Vampires 4 law’s accepting in York Minster's Dean Swinburne’s Of Spousals handshake marriages—as The Abyss Beckons long as there were witnesses to the vows spoken along with the ring or token By the way three centuries before DeBeers engagement and marriage rings weren't distinct; both could be military or wax sealrings I first read Swinburne’s Of Spousals written in 1604 published in 1680's in the Harvard Law School Library Treasure Room My brother who went to Harvard Divinity said Swinburne’s book had been in the Divinity Library which did not have ample funds to protect it I applied Swinburne and Lawcourt studies to plays with handfast marriages MFM All's Well and Cymbeline A couple scenes prior to Cloten here Iachimo comes to England with a Influencing Powerful People letter of endorsement part of a bet from Posthumus Leonatus Ivi Posthumus had been exiled to Italy by Cymbelene for displacing the new ueen’s execrable son Cloten in Imogen’s affection—in fact marrying her As in Merchant of Venice where Shylock compares his daughter and his ducats his dearest possessions Posthumous compares Imogen’s gift ring and herself; to Iachimo’s taunt “I have not seen the most precious diamond that there is nor you the Million Dollar Referrals lady” Posthumus rejoins “I praised her as I rated her so do I my stone” Iachimo even refers to Imogen as “she your jewel” to accompany the diamond “this your jewel”Iiv153 Having set up so close a comparison—indeed an identity— between the token jewel and the The Meaning of Difference lover jewel no wonder Posthumus falls apart when Iachimo brings back the bracelet he’d stolen from Imogen Posthumus’s friend Philario notes he is “uite beyond the government of patience”IIiv150—rather The Acupuncture Response like a certain new Supreme Court judge Later confessing to King Cymbeline’s inuiry “How came it yours” about the diamond on his finger Iachimo blurts out that he defamed Imogen with token evidence “that he could not But think her bond of chastity uite crack’d I having taken this forfeit”Vv206 Posthumus need not have so concluded had he not merged token and person so strongly in his own mind But Renaissance marriage court records fill with rings and bracelets betokening contract whereas in fact it was the words accompanying the token the vow that counted in The Blue Book of Sailing law What we call domestic court were then in church canon courts Programmable Microcontrollers with Applications like Deacon Swinburne’s in York Minster the room still exists with three judge chairs on a raised dias now used as a vestry Shakespeare’s plays feature tokens and vows Cymbeline could have Cryptography Demystified learned how to run a ring court from the King of France in All’s Well And of course Twelfth Night boasts the most rings of the Bard’s plays See my “Early Modern Rings and Vows in TN” in Twelfth Night New Critical Essays NY Routledge 2011 ed James Schiffer Note I uote from my old Harrison edition which uses Iachimo not Jachimo but I uote a bit from Wells and Taylor Compact edition 1992 I shall add on birds in the play Ruddock euro Robin and Puttock bird of prey and others meaner in Elizabethan usage Opportunities in Landscape Architecture, Botanical Gardens and Arboreta Careers lower status parties in the Biofuels Engineering Process Technology legal senseaverage Joes and Jo's

William Shakespeare ✓ 1 READ

No scenes in Shakespeare's plays are as intimately homoerotic to imagine as the scenes in Cymbeline in which the two brothers fall head over heals in love with the main character who would have been a male I've read this play three times and I've found that the longer since I last read it the better I imagine it to be In theory it's a great play the political situation involving the tribute an emerging British nation must pay to a Roman empire has interesting Jacobean parallels in continental politics involving a Roman Church; the theological implications the way Shakespeare finds a place for compassion in the merciless world of Lear's gods and flies is instructive and attractive; and the cavalier manner in which the bard treats stage conventions from the anonymous two lords in the first scene who only exist to present the necessary exposition to the eventual appearance of a literal deus ex machina in the person of Jupiter shows a master of form thumbing his nose at his own expertise for his particular metaphysical purposesSure this all sounds great in retrospect but the characters themselves are petty and cold and and when they are fresh in my mind they with the exception of Imogen fail to move me Iachimo little Iago is too pathetic and irresolute in his villainy Posthumous Leonatus is too easily persuaded of his love's infidelity and too abruptly murderous in his intentions and even Imogen is much much too ready to forgive Also the play is so full of misunderstandings that it takes one of the longest final scenes in Shakespeare merely to straighten out all the loose ends And yet Cymbeline is full of marvels and immortal poetry including a dirge that is one of the finest lyrics in the English language and it is graced with a heroine Imogen who is as admirable lovable and brave as any the poet has created